Patrick Mulcahy, Sergeant R.I.C. (Millstreet 1906-1921)

During the years of the troubles the man in charge of the R.I.C. in Millstreet was Sergeant Patrick Mulcahy. Likely a decent man, it is interesting to read that the local IRA said that they never laid a hand on the local police, which says enough in itself (the same is not true for the black and tans / auxiliaries that were here). A father of seven children, three were born here in the barrack, and all grew up here.
A Tipperary man originally, he joined the RIC at the age of 20, giving his occupation as a groom. He served first in Kerry at Tarbert and Castleisland stations for seven years, until he married  Johanna O’Callaghan of Droum in 1895. He was then transferred to Bantry where he spend time before being moved to Kilbrittain where he became first an acting sergeant in 1903, and then a full sergeant in 1905. Two years later he was moved to Millstreet where he was the Sergeant in Charge until the latter half of 1921 when he became a Head Constable.
When the force was disbanded in 1922, he went to live in Newbridge. He died in April 1938 at Kildare Infirmary, Athy.  [read more …] “Patrick Mulcahy, Sergeant R.I.C. (Millstreet 1906-1921)”

Patrick Flynn, Constable R.I.C. (Coolykerane P.P. 1911)

One of three men named Flynn (all of different families) that were constables in the Millstreet area at the same time around 1911, Patrick Flynn was only briefly sent to the Protection Post at Coolykeerane from his base in Macroom, and happened to be there when the Nominal Returns were filled out at the start of 1911.  In any event he was in Macroom in 1910, and back there again for the census of April 1911.
Son of a farmer from near  Ballymacarbry in Waterford, his time in the force was only ten years, spent in Cork West, Down, Limerick and finally Cork East, before he resigned in 918 to the home farm, luckily avoiding the troubles that were to come.  [read more …] “Patrick Flynn, Constable R.I.C. (Coolykerane P.P. 1911)”

Benjamin Jenkinson, Constable RIC (Millstreet c.1911)

Constable Benjamin Jenkinson (#53887) spent a little time in the Millstreet around 1911. He was noted at the Coolykerane Protection Post, near the Railway Station in Millstreet in the Nominal Returns for January 1911, and also is there also for the 1911 Census. A native of Antrim and Galway, he was unusual for the time, he was Protestant, and married to a Catholic lady Sarah Williams from Kanturk where he had been stationed initially. As well as Kanturk, he had spells as a policeman in Roscarbery and Macroom. The family settled in the Coolcower area, east of Macroom where they brought up their eight children. Benjamin died in 1946 at his daughters residence on the Commons Road.

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Service History [1]
53887 Benjamin Jenkinson
Joined: 20yrs
Height: 5’10” 1/2
Native of: Galway W, Antrim
Religion: Protestant
Married: 6/Feb/1897
Wife’s County: Cork E.R.
Recommended by: D.I. Fleury
Trade: none
Appointed: 23 July 89
Allocations: Cork E.R 11/Feb/90, Cork W.R. 1/3/97
Punishments Un.Res 2/6/92; f10/= 4/4/95; F10/= 9/1/04
Reason for Leaving: Pensioned 13/3/1915
Gratuity to Family if deceased W/P. RIC 1/307/1 (TODO: what does this mean?)

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Nominal Return Books
(Station list at the start of each year)

1910 Dooneen PP
1911 Macroom

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Pensioned off in 1915

In 1915, Benjamin was pensioned off at the age of 45, after 25 years. Payment of the pension for the first number of years at least was from the post office in Macroom where they lived.

25+ years service (on retirement)
53887 Cork W.R Jenkinson Benjamin Constable 45 yrs, 25yrs 7mo in force, pay:£80:12; average £70.15.1; Award of board £42.9.0; date as 13.3.1915 (on retirement)

53887 Jenkinson, Benjamin, Cork W.R., Pensioned [July 1915 Constabulary list]

Pension Leger 1919-1923 – paid at Macroom
Pension Leger 1915-1919 – paid at Macroom

TODO: when did they move to Cork?

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Petty Session cases he brought that made the papers:

1890 Kanturk – Drunk and Disorderly

1904 Roscarbery – After hours drinking

1908 Roscarbery – suicide

1910 Macroom  – Drunk and Disorderly

1911 Macroom – theft of a horse

He does not appear in the petty session books after 1890 as they seem to have been destroyed.

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Family Details of Benjamin Jenkinson

Birth of Benjamin Jenkinson at Tohermore, Tuam on October 20th 1868; to Anne Jenkinson (Flemming) and Henry Jemkinson

Birth of Sarah Williams of Newmarket on January 16th 1874, to Hannah Williams (Brown) and George Williams a shopkeeper, Johanna Healy Newmarket present at birth. The oldest child of ten [parent’s marriage]

Marriage of Benjamin Jenkinson and Sarah Williams at Newmarket Church on February 6th 1897 by Richard Ahern (RCC); He an RIC constable from Newmarket, son of Henry Jenkinson a farmer; She a bar maid of Kilbrin, daughter of George Williams a baker; in the presence of Stephen Crowley and Katie Kearny
Q: Jenkinson was a Protestant … how were they married in a Catholic Church?

Wife: Sarah Williams (1874–1963)

Children:
Birth of HENRY JENKINSON in 1897, Shinnagh (Rathmore)  d.1987 Cork
Birth of GEORGE JENKINSON on 15 March 1900, Macroom. d.1982 Cork
Birth of ANNIE JENKINSON on 10 May 1901, Macroom. d.1913 Macroom
Birth of JAMES JENKINSON on 21 February 1903, Macroom. d.1970 NY
Birth of WILLIAM JENKINSON on 18 July 1905, Clonakilty. Died 1908 in Clonakilty
Birth of EDWARD JENKINSON on 16 March 1908, Clonakilty. d.1988 Newmarket
Birth of BENJAMIN JENKINSON on 24 May 1909, Clonakilty. d.1992 Glanmire
Birth of HANNA JENKINSON on 11 January 1913, Macroom. d.2002 Cork
Birth of RICHARD JENKINSON on 21 February 1915, Macroom. d.2005 Cork

1901 census: Residents of a house 9 in Carrigadrohid (Aghinagh, Cork)

Surname Forename Age Sex Relation to head Religion
Jenkinson Benjamin 31 Male Head of Family Episcopalian Irish Church
Jenkinson Sarah 26 Female Wife Roman Catholic
Jenkinson Henry John 3 Male Son Roman Catholic
Jenkinson George 1 Male Son Episcopalian Irish Church
Williams George 10 Male Brother in Law Roman Catholic

1911 census: Residents of a house 99 in Gurteenroe Street (Macroom, Cork)

Surname Forename Age Sex Relation to head Religion
Jenkinson Sarah 36 Female Head of Family Roman Catholic
Jenkinson George Patrick 12 Male Son Roman Catholic
Jenkinson Annie 10 Female Daughter Roman Catholic
Jenkinson James Francis 8 Male Son Roman Catholic
Jenkinson Edward 3 Male Son Roman Catholic
Jenkinson Benjamin 2 Male Son Roman Catholic

1911 census: Son Henry John is with his grandparents in Newmarket

Marriage of Johanna Jenkinson and John Loftus on 21 September 1937 in Macroom. She gave an address of Coolcower.

Marriage of BENJAMIN JENKINSON and Mary SHEEHY on 31 October 1944. His address is Coolcower. [3]

Benjamin died at 13 Springview Terrace, Commons Road, Cork on March 27th 1946, aged 78. His wife Sarah was present at death. [GMaps: 13 Springview Terrace]
(Maybe he moved to his daughter’s house on the Commons Road to be cared for late in life)

Death of Sarah Jenkinson of 14 Springview Terrace Commons Road on May 10th 1963, aged 90, OAP, cerebral haemorrage, Joan Loftus Daughter 14 Springview terrace.

Marriage of Richard Jenkinson and Eileen Ryan 1951. [4]

[ancestry: jbjenkinson2]
[fb:dj]

Frank Creedon of Adrivale, shot dead in 1921

Born in 1880 Francis Creedon was the son of Michael and Abby Creedon, farmers from Adrivale. In 1902 he joined the police force, the Royal Irish Constabulary, a peaceful time when a job as a policeman was seen as being well paid with a pension. He served in Armagh, Kerry,  Coachford and Blarney. He married Hannah O’Reilly of Blarney in 1916, after which he was moved to Clashmore, and Tallow in Waterford.

On the morning of Saturday July 2nd 1921, a blistering hot day, he and nine other policemen were sent on patrol from Tallow Police Barracks, which they did every day. This was at the height of the War of Independence and tensions were high. Unfortunately for the patrol, the I.R.A. had been observing their movements, and it was noticed that their usual procedure was to take different roads on alternate days on departure from the town. With rifles and machine guns, the I.R.A. took up positions in the Old Military Barracks, and on an adjoining hill on the expectation that they would move out by a certain road. However, the patrol went by an adjoining road which did not exactly meet the positions the I.R.A. had taken up.

In haste, those positioned on the hill fired early, leaving those positioned in the Old Barrack a couple of hundred yards away from their target, instead of 30 yards away as intended. Not ideal from an attacking viewpoint, which was further complicated by couple of loads of hay on the street during the attack.

When the firing ceased after about ten minutes, the ambush parties withdrew to Boultha, Ballynoe, and later to Castlelyons area. Constable Francis Creedon lay dead, two more policemen wounded, while the remaining policemen had rushed into some adjoining houses and escaped the fire. Francis had been killed in the first volley of firing and died immediately, shot in the head and above the heart.

He was buried in the middle of the night two days later July 4th at Drishane Cemetery, leaving behind a young wife and two small children. Nine days later (July 11th) the ceasefire was called and the War of Independence was over.  [read more …] “Frank Creedon of Adrivale, shot dead in 1921”

Edmund Prendiville, RIC (Millstreet 1903-1905)

Edmond Prendiville was born near Listowen in County Kerry in 1871. He joined the RIC at the age of twenty-four (1896) and served in the counties of Monaghan,  Cork, and Tipperary. Six years after joining (1903) he was promoted to acting sergeant, and moved to Millstreet. His time here was relatively uneventful, and he remained in Millstreet for two years before he was moved to take charge in Union Hall. About 1912 he was moved to Tipperary where spent the rest of his time in the force until he was demobilised on  April 3rd 1922.

The following day, he was enlisted into the Civic Guard. Prendiville claimed that he had approached a senior Sinn Féin member during the War of Independence about his intention to retire from the force and stated that ‘he advised me not to on any account, that I was much more useful where I was’. Before his demobilisation, Prendiville had been serving in Clonmel, County Tipperary, and was active in the RIC Representative Body. He was part of a delegation that travelled three times to London in 1921 to discuss future policing arrangements in Ireland with Sir Hamar Greenwood. During the course of the meetings, he came into ‘constant touch’ with senior Sinn Féin representatives at the Treaty negotiations, and was later asked to become a member of the organising committee. On accepting a place on the committee, Prendiville was placed on the ‘Training’ sub-committee and offered a position in the Civic Gua rd.

In May 1922 he was one of five officers abruptly removed from their posts in an incident called the Kildare Mutiny, where trainee Civic Guards protested at the appointment of former RIC officers to the Civic Guard.

After that he lived in Kilmainham where he married Hanna O’Leary. He died in Dr. Steeven’s Hospital 1948. [read more …] “Edmund Prendiville, RIC (Millstreet 1903-1905)”

William Byrne, Constable / Sergeant R.I.C (Millstreet 1914-1922)

A native of Carlow, William Byrne was an RIC constable who was stationed in Kilmurray until he married Mary Riordan from Crookstown.  He was moved away from Kilmurray after marrying (normal protocol), and transferred to Millstreet after marrying  in 1914,  and remained here until the breakup of the RIC in 1922, being promoted to sergeant in 1920.

[read more …] “William Byrne, Constable / Sergeant R.I.C (Millstreet 1914-1922)”

Martin Cahill, Constable R.I.C. (Millstreet c.1901-1929)

Constable Martin Cahill (#43535) was born in Clare in the 1850’s. He Joined the R.I.C in 1878, and was initially sent to Mayo where he stayed for seven years. At the start of 1885 he was transferred to Cork East where he was based in Clonbanin Barrack. A year later he married an Ellen Buckley who lived only a mile east of the station, at Skagh, near Derinagree. After getting married he was then transferred to Dunmanway, then Union Hall, and came back to Millstreet to be stationed there from 1901 to 1919. He and his wife had 17 children, of which 7 were alive in 1911. In Millstreet they lived at Pound Hill, and later at Minor Row. He left the police in 1920 on a pension when the real troubles were beginning to happen, after over 41 years in service, at a time when lots of officers retired because of low morale and a conflict of interest.
His wife died in 1923, and the remaining family seemed to have moved to Killorglin where more got married. Martin died in 1932 in Killorglin and was returned to Millstreet to be (most likely) buried with his wife.

Below are our notes on Martin and Ellen:  [read more …] “Martin Cahill, Constable R.I.C. (Millstreet c.1901-1929)”

Thomas Barrett, R.I.C Constable (Millstreet c.1896-c.1905)

Thomas Barrett was and RIC Constable that worked here in Millstreet in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s. Originally from Limerick, he began working in Kerry, married Elizabeth Browne from Scartaglin in 1889, and was transferred to Carrigadrohid soon after. In 1896 he was transferred to Millstreet, where the family lived at the West End and the Killarney Road. Some of their children were born here, and some of them died there too. Thomas’ wife Elizabeth died young, and Thomas himself died a few years later at the family home on the Killarney Road.

Below are our notes on him and his family.

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…To Mr Cronin — He saw about a hundred fish passing about in the river in dying condition that morning. Constable Barrett deposed to seeing Thomas Linehan take a out of river and Daniel Connell committed a similar offence about eleven o’clock in the day.
Constable Ryan saw Wm Murray about seven o’clock in tbe morning take a fish out the river, and about hour afterwaids he saw Patrick Lynch do same…. [Cork Constitution – Wednesday 15 June 1892]

[read more …] “Thomas Barrett, R.I.C Constable (Millstreet c.1896-c.1905)”

John Bransfield – R.I.C. Millstreet 1902-1913

siblings

John Bransfield was born in Waterford in 1872. He had joined the RIC in 1894, and was first working in Limerick. He was in Ballinacurra (Limerick) when he got married in 1901, after which he was moved briefly to Galway East, and then only a month later to Cork West. He was stationed in Millstreet in from 1902 to 1913, and later was Sergeant in Kealkil (1915, 1916), Kilbrittan (1915 to 1917)and later again in Drimoleague (1917 to 1921) . where he was injured, and retired to become a grocer/publican/merchant in Dungarvan, where he lived until he died in 1957.

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Service Record

Service Record
Jno Bransfield #56316:
Age when appointed: 22 8/12
Height: 5′ 9″
Native County: Waterford
Religion: Catholic
Marriage Date: 5/11/1901
Native County of Wife: Limrerick
Recommendations: D.I. Heard
Trade or Calling: Farmer
Appointment: 1/Feb/1894
Allocation:Limerick 15/Sept/94; Cork E.R 12/2/02; Cork W.R. 20/3/02
Promotions: Acting Sergeant 1/July/1913; Sergeant 1/oct/1915
Rewards / Marks of Distinction / Favourable records: 2FR 5/3/06; 2FR 18/7/08; 3FR 29/3/20; 1FR 27/5/21
Reason for leaving: Pensioned 1/1/22 £165.15.0; Final Pension from 1/4/1922 £195
Observations: Wife Continued in Clare & Kerry (??) [1]

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Sergeant in Charge:

To Acting Sergeant (Jan 1914 Directory)

Kealkil: 1915 Jan (a.s.), 1916 Jan, 1916 July (??), 1916 July,  1917 Jan

Drimoleague: 1921 (Guy’s Directory)

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His Family

His parents: Marriage of James Bransfield and Bridget Hayes on March 1st 1870 at Clashmore Chapel (Youghal, Waterford), He a farmer from Lackinsilla (?) the son of Edmond (?) Bransfield a farmer, she from Ballinsclash, the daughter of John Hayes a farmer, in the presence of David McGrath and Mary Brien

He was the oldest of at least 11 children:
Birth of John Bransfield on May 5th 1871 at Lacansillagh (Lackensillagh, near Aglish, Co.Waterford), to Bridget Bransfield (Hayes) and James Bransfield a farmer.

His Siblings:
Redmond Bransfield (1872)
Margaret Bransfield (1873)
James Bransfield (1875)
Johanna Bransfield (1877)
Catherine Bransfield (1879)
Bridget Bransfield (1881 – 1976 Arlington, MA, USA)
William Bransfield (1882)
Maurice Bransfield (1884)
Declan Bransfield (1885)
Michael Bransfield (1888)

1901 census:  Residents of a house 1000 in Gouldavoher (Ballycummin, Limerick). This is Ballinacurra Barrack, Limerick [location, GMaps]

Surname Forename Age Sex Relation to head Religion
D C I 37 Male Co. Mayo Roman Catholic
D T 34 Male Co Roscommon Roman Catholic
H O 31 Male Co Roscommon Roman Catholic
Bransfield John 27 Male Born Co.Waterford
Speaks Irish and English
Roman Catholic
Not married
P J 27 Male Co. Kerry Roman Catholic

His family in the 1901 census: Residents of a house 3 in Lackensillagh (Dromore, Waterford)

Surname Forename Age Sex Relation to head Religion
Bransfield James 60 Male Head of Family
farmer
Roman Catholic
Bransfield Bridget 50 Female Wife Roman Catholic
Bransfield Redmond 27 Male Son
farmer’s son
Roman Catholic
Bransfield Joc Hannah 23 Female Daughter Roman Catholic
Bransfield William 17 Male Son
farmer’s son
Roman Catholic
Bransfield Maurice 14 Male Son
farmer’s son
Roman Catholic
Bransfield Declan 13 Male Son
Scholar
Roman Catholic
Bransfield Michael 11 Male Son
Scholar
Roman Catholic

Marriage of John Bransfield and Maggie Nash at the catholic church of Newcastlewest on November 5th 1901 by William O’Shea CC. He a police constable in Ballinacurra, the son of James Bransfield a farmer, she from NewcastleWest, the daughter of John Nash a farmer. In the presence of James Prenderville and Norah Nash.

(John was noted in the Petty Sessions in Newcastle in 1900, presumably he met her there at that time)

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“TRANSFERS: …Constable John Bransfield, from Limerick to Galway, E.R.
[Weekly Irish Times – Saturday 15 February 1902]

Note: It was normal to be transferred after getting married

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On October 1902 he is noted at the Petty Sessions in Millstreet, so how did he transfer to Millstreet from Galway? … or was the transfer changed?

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In 1903 he was godfather to the daughter of another RIC constable Thomas Barrett:
Baptism of ELIZABETH BARRETT of MILLSTREET on 6 April 1903 by Fr. C. O’Sullivan, daughter of Thomas Barrett and Elizabeth Browne, sponsored by John Bransfield and Catherine Moynihan.

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Birth of John Bransfield at Minor Row on June 26th 1905 to Margaret Bransfield (Nash) and John Bransfield, a Constable Royal Irish Constabulary

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Daniel Foley, Millstreet was sentenced to a month in a default of bail for alleged attempting to stab John Garvan during an altercation in a lodging house. Constable Bransfield had been passing the house when he heard a voice say: “Put up the knife”.
[Irish Independent – Monday 28 May 1906]

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£28 STOLEN. Recently the premises of Mr. Robert Justice, baker. West End, Millstreet, were broken into, and a sum of £28 stolen … Being barefooted, and under cover of the darkness, the robber had difficulty in making good his escape. The police were immediately informed of the occurrence, and Sergeant Mulcahy and Constables Bransfield and Cahill were, promptly the scene. investigation, they found that entrance had been effected through the back window of the kitchen ; the catch of the window had been forced, and the shutters and window had been opened. The window had been left down from the top. There was a distract footprint on the window sill, arid the police attach much importance to this clue, and is stated that this footmark will form the subject expert inquiry. On making a search of the premises the police discovered the bag which contained the money on top of sewing machine inside the shop-counter. The bag was opened by Constable Bransfield, and it was found to contain about £l, made up of sixpenny and threepenny pieces. The balance of the £29 was gone, and it is surmised that the thief, having been disturbed in his nocturnal perambnlations. had not time to completely empty the handbag, but threw it away from him as left the shop. … [Cork Examiner – Tuesday 01 December 1908]

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Birth of Bridget Mary Bransfield at the Barracks Millstreet on Fifteenth January 1909, to Margaret Bransfield (Nash) and John Bransfield, a Constable Royal Irish Constabulary

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Millstreet Petty Sessions – Constable Bransfield summoned John Buckley for Having his horse on the public street without a bridle, and also for not having his name on the cart. Constable Bransfield deposed that he found the horse wandering on the street without any bridle, and had considerable difficulty in finding the owner. There was no name the cart. A fine of Is was imposed for each offence. [Cork Examiner – Tuesday 02 March 1909]

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8th Jan 1910 (start of year RIC nominal return for Millstreet)

Service # Rank Name Religion Appointment Date  
52443 Sgt Mulcahy Patrick RC 25-4-87 /
1-11-04
56316 Bransfield John RC 01/02/94 M
43535 Con Cahill Martin RC 08/02/78 M
56899 Flynn John RC 01/05/95 M
58402 Sullivan Thomas RC 15/08/98 M
56257 Patrick Sheehan RC 02/01/94 M

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1911 (start of year RIC nominal return for Millstreet)

52443 Sgt Mulcahy Patrick RC 25-4-87 / 1-11-04 M
56316 Bransfield John RC 01/02/94 M
43535 Con Cahill Martin RC 08/02/78 M
56899 Flynn John RC 01/05/95 M
60683 Con Sullivan Patrick RC 15/04/02 M

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1911 census: Residents of a house 22.3 in Main Street (Drishane, Cork) (The family were living in the RIC Barrack.

Surname Forename Age Sex Relation to head Religion
Bransfield John Male Head of Family
Bransfield Margaret 35 Female Wife Roman Catholic
Bransfield John 5 Male Son Roman Catholic
Bransfield Bridget Mary 2 Female Daughter Roman Catholic

His family back home in the 1911 census: Residents of a house 4 in Lackensillagh (Dromore, Waterford)

Surname Forename Age Sex Relation to head Religion
Brausfield James 78 Male Head of Family Roman Catholic
Brausfield Bridget 66 Female Wife Roman Catholic
Brausfield Redmond 31 Male Son Roman Catholic
Brausfield Michael 25 Male Son Roman Catholic
Brausfield Joahnnah 30 Female Daughter Roman Catholic

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County of Cork, W.R. 56316, Bransfield, John Acting Sergeant. – Resolution of the Magistrates presiding at Millstreet on the occasion of his promotion, and consequent transfer to Kealkil, congratulating him on his promotion, and bearing testimony to the satisfactory manner in which he discharged his duties whilst stationed at Millstreet. [RIC Directory, Jan 1914]

Promoted to Sergeant noted in the 1916 register book

TODO; complete his nominal lists (like Patrick Sheehan

1916 Kealkil

1918 – Drimoleague

1919 – Drimoleague

1920 – Drimoleague

 

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Transfers and appointments: “Sergeant Bransfield is taking charge of Kilbrittain from Kealkil” [Northern Whig – Monday 20 December 1915]

The following transfers have taken place in West Cork;—Sergeants Roynane (on his own application), Kilbrittain, to Carrigadrohid; Bransfield, Kilbrittain, to Kealkil; Acting- Sergeant J. Flynn. Ballygurteen, to Timoleague; Constable … [Larne Times – Saturday 01 January 1916]

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John Bransfield was RIC Sergeant in Kealkil (Bantry District, Cork WR) when a small group of Irish Volunteers mobilised to there on Easter Sunday 1916 (what should have been part of Cork’s role in the Easter Rising). The attached – from a 2016 lecture I gave on the topic – refers to his encounter on that occasion with Sean O’Hegarty, who was O/C Cork No 1 (Mid-Cork) Brigade when Bransfield was injured in February 1921 in Drimoleague (Drimoleague was in the Cork No 3 Brigade area, as opposed to O’Hegarty’s No 1 area):
“O’Hegarty had to ask the local sergeant if he was looking for trouble as the RIC harassed some of the Volunteers as they disbanded. Sergeant John Bransfield probably chose wisely by saying he wanted no trouble — and the situation subsided. But the 44 year old from Co. Waterford was not so lucky in February 1921, when he was injured in an attack on the barracks at Drimoleague.”  – Niall Murray

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Patrick CASEY b c1893 – WW1 alias CLANCY
Filed in the WW1 Service Records (WO 363) under John CLANCY – but which was his real name? The “modern” cover-note suggests Clancy – but even his Referee in 1911 (RIC Police Sergeant Jones) refers to him as Casey. So …

Patrick CASEY, home address BRUFF, Co Limerick. Parents John & Eliza. Sister Lizzie.
Joined the Royal Munster Fusiliers in September 1911, declared age 18y. (Regt No. 5719)
Joined the “Regular Army” (still Royal Munsters) in February 1912, declared age 18y 5m. (Regt No. 9762). Served in WW1 until declared a deserter on 1 January 1917.

Apprehended on 4 September 1917, by Sergeant John BRANSFIELD of the Drimoleague Constabulary. His report is headed “Descriptive Return of JOHN CLANCY ALIAS CASEY”, so I assume that Patrick was using the name John.

Unfortunately, the papers showing how he was dealt with are not there. But he evidently survived the rest of the war and served post-1920 as John CLANCY, Regt No 7213161 – but I can’t find the records of that service.

Was he a CASEY or a CLANCY? How confusing! – [Casey Clancy]

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His wife died in 1917
Death of Margaret Bransfield, Drimoleague on October 26th 1917, Married, 43 yrs old, Sergeant’s wife, Diabetes Mellites Inderinite, Informant: John Bransfield husband Drimoleague

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Attack Police Barrack. A few nights ago an attempt was made to blow up the police barracks at midnight in Drimoleague; Co. Cork. A bomb, or other powerful explosive, which was thrown through the window of Sergeant Bransfield’s room exploded, doing considerable damage, but fortunately no personal injuries were sustained one arrest been made – [Weekly Freeman’s Journal – Saturday 23 February 1918]

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“Drimoleague Barracks, Co Cork, 12.2.1921
Edmund Charles Finlay, RN Telegraphist
56316 Sgt John Bransfield, Cork WR – wounded on this occasion, did he get a medal??” – Roger Willoughby

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Marriage of Laurence Walsh and Bridget Mary Bransfield on July 10th 1933 at Dungarvan Church by Thomas O’Brien PP, he a bookkeeper of Abbeyside, the son of James Walsh a farmer, she from Dungarvan the daughter of John Bransfield a Publican, in the presence of Richard Walsh and Catherine Wall.

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He got married secondly in 1933:

Marriage of John Bransfield and Caroline Ranson on November 29th 1933, he a widower, a merchant from Dungarvan, son of James Bransfield a farmer, she from Ballyduff, daughter of Robert Ranson, a pensioner, in the presence of Thomas Morrissey and Margaret Cunningham.

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Death of John Bransfield on August 17th 1957 at Emerald Terrace Dungarvan, married 85 yrs, RIC pensioner, Cerebral trombosis 2 years – senility, Caroline Bransfield widow present at death

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“My Grandfather JOHN BRANSFIELD served in the RIC.
From Jim Herlihy’s book I can get some information:
Brandsfield, John; Sergeant; RIC 56316; LDS 2O89/135B; Born Co. Waterford 1872; injured Drimoleague, Co. Cork 12/02/21.
… Thankfully, having retired he moved to Dungarvan and ran a grocery/licensed premises.
His daughter (my mother) married my father who had been active in the War of Independence, was Secterary to Count Plunkett and was subsequently active in the anti-Treaty forces.” – John Walsh (grandson)

 

Two policemen outside the RIC Barrack in the Square Millstreet c.1909 – Lawrence Collection. One of these may be John Bransfield. [photo 1] [photo 2 (below)]

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Petty Sessions for John Bransfield:

He appears in the

Rathkeale 1898
Newcastle 1900
Limerick Liberties 1901
Millstreet 1st Oct 1902-1913
Then nothing for a few years (documents missing?)
Sergt J Bransfield Drimoleague 1917-1920 [ref] (he was injured in an attack on the barrack in 1921)

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Disabled and Pensioned

Sergeant John Bransfield 56316 having been declared by the Surgeon of the Force unfit for further service in the Royal Irish Constabulary in consequence of sciatica arising from natural causes and neurasthenia following injury on duty (see annexed Certificate, I recommend, for the consideration of the Treasury, that he be discharged of the Treasury, tat he be discharged on an Annual Pension of £165:15:0 according to the provisions of recent Orders regarding pay and pension.
Sergeant Bransfield has been practically non-effective since 12th February 1921 when he was injured in the groin through being thrown to the ground when portion of Drimoleague Barracks was blown in by an explosion during an attack by the rebels. As a result of the injury he suffered from hernia for which he had to undergo an operation. He has been examined by the surgeon of the force who certifies he is unfit for the performance of further duty mainly as a result of sciatica arising from natural causes and partly due to neurasthenia following the injury received on duty. His ability to contribute in future to his own support is classified as slightly impaired as a result of the injury.
The ordinary pension for service in this case is £165:15:0 and I recommend that a provisional pension of that amount be sanctioned pending the making of an order dealing with injury cases. In view of the report of the surgeon the case does not appear to be one in which any addition to the ordinary pension can be made with respect to the injury.
At Skibbereen Quarter Sessions on the 23rd Apri last the Sergeant was awarded £5000 compensation under the Criminal Injuries (Ireland) Acts.
Deputy Inspector General [1]

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Pension

Pensioned (Unfit cases):
Date: 1/Jan/22 (Discharged 31st Jan 21)
Age: 50
Current Rank: 6yrs 3months
Time in force: 27yrs 11months [2]

Pension Leger 1922:
Sgt John Bransfield
Born 1871
Annual Pension 165.15.
Commencement: 1st January 1922
Where paid: Dungarvan

TODO: his pension was raised later due to the claim for his injuries. (figure out how much and when)

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The Attack on the RIC Barracks on February 12th 1921

Witness Statement of Daniel O’Driscoll, Drimoleague. About midnight on February 11th, 1921, 30 members of the column were taken into Drimoleague. I was instructed to lead a section of 6 members of the column
to the rear of the barracks where we took up a position behind a fence about 30 yards from the building. As far as I can recollect, Con McCarthy, Bandon, was in charge of this section. All were armed with rifles. Another section were detailed to carry a mine into the village and to lay it against the wall of the R.I.C. barrack. The party travelled nearly a mile in their stockinged
feet carrying the mine – which was laid on the barbed wire entanglements set up by the garrison between the wall bounding the public road and the wall of the barrack. When the mine was exploded there was a deafening roar. Fire was immediately opened on the enemy post by the members of the column, who were in position at the front of the building.. The members of the garrison returned the fire and sent up a number of Verey lights. It
transpired that the barrack had not been damaged by the explosion and, after a short time, all sections of the attacking party were ordered to withdraw.  [BMH.WS1352]

300 MEN ATTACK POLICE BARRACKS. EXPLOSIVES USED. The Drimoleague Police Barracks, twelve miles from Bantry, were attacked last night, by a large force of Sinn Féiners, estimated at about 300, and damaged by rifle fire and explosives. Adjoining houses were also damaged, and Sergeant Bransfield, who was in command of the station, was injured. After some time the attackers withdrew, military reinforcements coming on the scene. It is reported that Michael Collins, the “Commander-in-Chid” of the Republican Army, was present. A similar attack was made on the police barracks at Elfin, County Roscommon. Explosives were used, and the gable end of the building was blown in. The attack lasted through the night. It was not until 3:30 this morning that the attackers were driven off. The police escaped serious injury.  [Westminster Gazette – Saturday 12 February 1921]

Attack by Flying Column of 3rd Cork Brigade IRA on Drimoleague RIC Barracks.  Even though the IRA mine exploded (first time for 3rd Cork Brigade) it did not breach wall of barracks. No casualties on either side.  (Barry disputes Deasy’s account of this attack.) [Chronology of Irish History 1919 – 1923]

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[ancestry]

William Higgins, Sergeant R.I.C. Millstreet 1890s-1900s

Sergeant William Higgins

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TODO: https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/search/results/1850-01-01/1899-12-31?basicsearch=sergeant%20higgins%20and%20%22millstreet%22&freesearch=higgins&phrasesearch=millstreet&somesearch=sergeant&exactsearch=false&retrievecountrycounts=false&country=ireland

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THE PROCLAIMED MEETING AT NEWMARKET
ACTION OF THE POLICE
Besides posting the proclamation in the conspicuous parts of the ‘town, Head-constable McEntee and Sergeants Higgins were occupied /during Saturday in visiting prominent members of the Millstreet Branch and members of the band with the view of officially notifying them that the meeting to held ten miles away would be suppressed. Although it was not the intention of the branch, to be represented, as an answer to such impertinent interference a large contingent left for Duhallow. [Cork Examiner – Tuesday 01 May 1900]

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 lined Is and costs. Sergeant William Higgins summoned Timothy O’Keeffe for having persons his licensed premises at Milletreet, the night 30th July. Mr Barry, solicitor, pleaded guilty on behalf of the defendant; he slated that two young men came into his premises after 10 o’clock for tobacco, and he gave them a drink thinking it was no harm. There was no conviction against the licensed premises since IS9O, and Mr O’Keeffe was never convicted and not under any circumstances could the licence interfered with. The magistrates fined O’Keeffe and costs. Nenagh Floral and Uokticultiral SOCIETY.—The

https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0001648/18950814/084/0004

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Millstreet Petty Sessions:
Sergeant W Higgins, Inspector Weights and Measures, summoned Jeremiah Herlihy tor having two unstamped weights; they were otherwise correct. Mrs Herlihy explained that they got the weights but the day before from Cork.
Cork Examiner – Thursday 04 October 1900
[https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000425/19001004/136/0008]

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Lynch, X>r R R Leader.) District Inspector Beirne charged Mrs Buckley, publican, living at Millstrect, for supplying drink to a woman of the tramp class, Mary Foley, on the Ist of March (fair day). fine of 5s was imposed, which was further reduced to 6d in view 11s costs. Daniel Rahilly, publican, Millstreet, was also prosecuted for a siimilar offence the same date. From the evidence adduced, the Chairman, said the case was not serious; but being the second conviction they could not impose a lesser penalty than £l. Sergeant William Higgins proved the offence. Mr W Keller, solr, Kanturk, defended. Sergeant William Higgins, Inspector Food and Drugs, prosecuted Timothy Murphy, contractor for milk to the MtHstreet Union. The case was adjourned since last petty sessions. the Bench being divided. Mr E A Beytagh, solr, said had a preliminary objection to make. His client asked for a sample of the milk and was refused. Sergeant Higgins—l cannot leave that go uncontradicted. He never asked for a sample which was denied except on a case which has been already decided, when he had neither name nor address on the cart or tankards. Prosecutor deposed that in pursuance of his duty he one pint of milk from the defendant’s servant, Tom Shine tho iVuilstreet Workhouse, on the 15th of January. The analyst’s certificate (produced) showed that the milk was below the…
[Cork Examiner – Friday 19 April 1901]
https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000425/19010419/124/0008

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RIC INSPECTORS APPOINTED The “London Gazette” of last week publishes an order of the Home Secretary, appointing with the concurrence of the Lord Lieutenant, and on the recommendation of the Inspector-General) 30 sergeants of the R I C, to act as Inspectors of Explosives in Ireland. The following are appointed in the south—Sergeants West. Ballincollig ; Collins- Charleville ; Dennehr, Castletownbere: Higgins, Millstreet • Brosnan, Tralee; Owens, Limerick, and Quinn, Clonakilty.. Colonel
[Cork Examiner – Monday 08 October 1900]
https://www.britishnewspaperarchive.co.uk/viewer/bl/0000425/19001008/140/0008

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Higgins is mentioned in 1896 in the aftermath of the burning of the Mill, giving a donation

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Marriage of William Higgins and Eleanor Savage on July 19th 1897 at St. Michael’s Church Cork City by A.J Nicholson (?). He a sergeant in the RIC in Millstreet, son of Edmund Higgins a school teacher. She from Norhbins’head (??) Cork, daughter of John Savage a shopkeeper, in the presence of John Savage, Lizzie Savage and Richard Savage

Birth of Edward James Savage Higgins in Millstreet on September 2nd 1898 to Eleanor Higgins (Savage) and William Higgins, Sergeant Royal Irish Constabulary

Birth of Eleanor Savage Higgins at the Barrack Millstreet no November 11th 1899, to Eleanor Higgins (Savage) and William Higgins, Sergeant Royal Irish Constabulary

Death of Eleanor Higgins at the Barracks Millstreet November 19th 1999, married, 28 yrs old, wife of William Higgins a Sergeant in the Royal Irish Constabulary, child birth 8 days puerperal septicaemia 5 days (register of this child?)

1901 census: for the Millstreet Barrack:
William is the only Church of Ireland member listed in Millstreet Barrack, all the others are Catholic.

H (Higgins) W (William) 43 Male Sergeant
Co.Cork
Commercial Clerk-Leather
Church of Ireland

1901 census: Residents of a house 44 in Fisher Street (Kinsale Urban, Cork)
William’s two children, Eleanor and Edward,  are staying with (TODO: possibly) his wife’s parents in Kinsale. (Eleanor died 16 month previously)

Surname Forename Age Sex Relation to head Religion
Savage John 66 Male Head of Family
Merchant and Boat Owner
Wesleyan
Savage Helena 61 Female Wife Wesleyan
Savage Frances Emma 20 Female Daughter Church Ireland
Higgins Eleanor Savage 1 Female Grand Daughter Church Ireland
Higgins Edward Jas Savage 2 Male Grand Son Church Ireland
Mc Carthy Mary 30 Female Gen Servant-Domestic Roman Catholic
Holland James 32 Male Baker Roman Catholic
Holland Cain 20 Male Baker Roman Catholic

1911 census: Residents of a house 52 in Fisher Street (Kinsale Urban, Cork)
The children stayed in Kinsale

Surname Forename Age Sex Relation to head Religion
Savage Helena 71 Female Head of Family
widow
Church of Ireland
Savage Frances Emma 30 Female Daughter Church of Ireland
Higgins Eleanor Savage 11 Female Grand Daughter Church of Ireland
Higgins Edward Jas Savage 12 Male Grand Son Church of Ireland

TODO: Where is William in 1911? did he remarry? did he die?

1901 census: Residents of a house 3 in O’Connor Ville (Cork No. 5 Urban (part of), Cork)
widower living with sister and niece; reader; 2 children, 2 living.
TODO: what is the family connection savage-higgins, what is a reader?

Surname Forename Age Sex Relation to head Religion
Savage Charlotte 50 Female Head of Family
married 21 yrs
2 children
1 living
Church of Ireland
Savage Helena 18 Female Daughter
Monitress
Church of Ireland
Higgins William 53 Male Brother
Reader
2 children
2 alive
Church of Ireland

1901 census: Residents of a house 52 in Newbridge Street (Birr Urban, King’s Co.)
TODO: cross reference -surely this isn’t him? probably not, but a relation of some kind

Surname Forename Age Sex Relation to head Religion
Higgins William 54 Male Head of Family
widower
Superannuated Serg R.I.C.
born in Cork
Roman Catholic
Higgins Agnis Francis 17 Female Daughter
dressmaker
born in King’s county
Roman Catholic
Higgins Anna Mary 14 Female Daughter
scholar
born in King’s county
Roman Catholic
Higgins Eleanor 13 Female Daughter
scholar
born in King’s county
Roman Catholic

Death of William Higgins of 4 Gillabbey Terrace, at the South Infirmary, widower 65 yrs, ex Sergeant RIC, Cerebral haemorrhage coma

TODO: add sons details to his WWI profile

TODO: add details of Eleanor Savage

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[William Higgins on ancestry (DMacCabe19)]

R.I.C. Personnel in Millstreet

In this page we try to track all of the R.I.C. personnel that were active in Millstreet.

Nominal Return Books

At the start of each year, the Royal Irish Constabulary (R.I.C.) gave a nominal return (listing) of all personnel in each county with details of their service number, rank, name, barrack, religion, appointment date, marriage status, and sometimes other information. The R.I.C. remained in Millstreet until January/February 1922 when the force was disbanded, and the Barrack in the Square was taken over. Below are the details of the personnel listed in those nominal returns for the Millstreet Barrack which are available for the years 1910, 1911, 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, and 1921:

8th Jan 1910

Service # Rank Name Religion Appointment Date  
52443 Sgt Mulcahy Patrick RC 25-4-87 /
1-11-04
56316 Bransfield John RC 01/02/94 M
43535 Con Cahill Martin RC 08/02/78 M
56899 Flynn John
[notes]
RC 01/05/95 M
58402 Sullivan Thomas RC 15/08/98 M
56257 Patrick Sheehan [notes] RC 02/01/94 M

Dooneen  Protection Post:
63167 O’Connell William J RC 14.10.07 S Dooneens PP [find]
53887 Benjamin Jenkins (Jenkinson?) Protestant! 23.7.89 married Dooneens PP [notes]

[read more …] “R.I.C. Personnel in Millstreet”

Thomas James Deegan, Sergeant R.I.C. (Millstreet 1915-1922)

There’s an interesting article on the RIC Facebook page  on one RIC member Thomas Deegan who was the last Sergeant in  Millstreet when it was disbanded. He had arrived as a constable in 1915, and was promoted to Sergeant on March 1st 1921 [RD]:

“After years of wanting to visit the archive centre at Kew I eventually did it yesterday. My grand father and great grandfather were RIC constables. My great grandfather Thomas Deegan 29408 was appointed 12.4.1864. He was 5ft 111/2ins, from Queens County and aged 20. He was pensioned off 1st Aug. 1879 at the age of 35 after 15 years 3 month service in the Dublin Docks. After being pensioned off Thomas Deegan became a bank messenger and later lived above a bank on the North Wall, Dublin.
Thomas James Deegan 63563 was born in Common Street, Dublin 4th Nov 1881. He was appointed to the RIC on 16 Dec 1907 and discharged by being pronounced unfit by the Surgeon on 18 Dec 1907. He was appointed again on 23 April 1908. He was initially stationed in Wexford. The RIC stayed in a large house/post office near to Bridgetown. On the 1/10/1915 he was moved to Cork W.R. and he worked and lived in Millstreet. He remained there until the RIC was disbanded 07/04/1922. Because of the hostility towards the RIC at this time he was moved to Stamford, England and lived in Rutland Road. My father recalls other former RIC constables living in the same street.”

It was posted by James’ grandson Ron Deegan, who also posted a photo of James with his wife Ellen (Walsh from Sweet Mount, Bridgetown, Wexford), and their four children [ref].

“A photograph of my Grandfather Thomas James Deegan and his family.This would have been taken a couple of years after the RIC were disbanded. My father Harold Deegan was the boy on the right standing next to his mother. Her maiden name was Ellen Walsh from Sweet Mount, Bridgetown, Wexford” [rd]

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Another of Thomas Deegan’s grandchildren Holly Andreosso “Journeyed to Ireland from Canada, in 2015 to find my mother’s actual place of birth, March 13, 1918…this house, known as ‘The Barracks’, Millstreet, Co Cork….”. She posted photos on the Forgotten Ireland FB page.

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“A group of Royan Irish Constabulary (R.I.C.) stationed in Millstreet c. 1921” – from Millstreet Museum. The little girl in front is Patricia Deegan, with her father Sergeant Thomas J Deegan.

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Birth of Thomas James Deegan on fourth November 1881 at 21 Common Street, North Dublin – father: Thomas Deegan 32 Commin Street, Port and Docks Constable – mother: Anne Deegan née O’Reilly.

Marriage of Thomas Deegan and Ellen Walsh on 24 May 1915 in Wexford

1915 June 27th: Birth of Harold Francis Deegan at Sweet Mount, Bridgetown – to Thomas James Deegan, Bridgetown, Constable RIC, and Ellen Deegan (Walsh)

Patricia Deegan: born 13th March 1918 at the Barrack Millstreet – Eveline Gertrude Patricia – Female – father: Thomas James Deegan, The Barracks Millstreet, Constable Royal Irish Constabulary – mother: Ellen Teresa Deegan née Walsh – Michael Fitzgerald assistant registrar. (She was born in the day room at the Barracks)

1919 September 5th: Birth of Gilbert Victor Leo Deegan at the Barracks Millstreet, to Ellen Teresa Deegan (Walsh) and Thomas James Deegan, Constable in the Royal Irish Constabulary

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Read More: Deegan Family RIC Members remembered – “… In 1995 I went with my father to Ireland and visited the places he remembered as a child. He pointed out the large house just outside Bridgetown where the RIC where posted. We also went on an interesting journey around Millstreet. We found the remains of the barracks at the rear of a shop that had been built on the spot where the barracks were. At the rear of the shop we were shown a large gate that was leaning against a wall. We also saw the remains of what my father referred to as the day room. A room that he had been taken to and spent time there where he had seen what ever went of in the barracks yard.”

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Nominal Rolls:

1910 – Ballywilliam (Wexford)

TODO: get his other stations