The first Millstreet Men to Apply to the Garda Síochána

After the War of Independence, the Civic Guard (later renamed the Garda Síochána na hÉireann) was formed by the Provisional Government in February 1922 to take over the responsibility of policing the fledgling Irish Free State. It replaced the Royal Irish Constabulary (RIC) and the Irish Republican Police of 1919–22. It was a dangerous time as  the Civil War  was taking place, made worse for its initial members, as many were former R.I.C, but join they did, and from all over the country

Last weekend the registers of the first applicants to the new Civic Guard (successful and unsuccessful)  were released online by the Garda Museum. We have found 15 who applied from the Millstreet area, out of about 7,500 applications from 1922 to 1924. Here are a quick list of those men, and below is each applicant’s record in more detail:

Timothy Buckley, Ballyvouskil
Cornelius Dennehy, Keale
James O’Connell, Knockacarracoosh
Denis Kelleher, Cloghouldbeg
Patrick Murphy, Ahane
William Cashman, Laught
John Cronin, Meenskehy
Jeremiah O’Riordan, Pound Hill
Michael Thornton, Drishanebeg
Timothy Cremin, Millstreet
Patrick J Horgan, Keale
Cornelius Dennehy, Liscreagh
Cornelius O’Sullivan, Lisnabee
Denis Buckley, Glountane West
Jeremiah Horgan, Keale

[read more …] “The first Millstreet Men to Apply to the Garda Síochána”

We Should Commemorate the Attack on the Carnegie Hall

The 4th of January 1923 in Irish local history was the day of the Attack on the Carnegie Hall by Anti-Treaty fighters from Cork and Kerry IRA units, under Tom Barry.

I want to stand on my “soapbox” for a minute and say my piece. Listen or keep scrolling it’s a free country 🙂

Leave the past in the past were it belongs! Come together to commemorate this part of our history, say a few prayers, shake hands and move on with our lives.
In today’s society where there’s a celebration, a parade, a speech (which is right too) for a lot of stuff, and yet not even a prayer said on site yesterday to commemorate what happened. I think it’s very wrong.
The 100th year anniversary is coming up. I feel it’s the perfect opportunity to put a plaque up on the building, have a little unveiling, and say a few prayers for the souls of the people on both sides! Advertise it and if just 5 people come or 500, let the plaque be there for ever more so people can come when ever they want to themselves!
We said it to the council yesterday and they agreed with us!
Whether it will happen now is another story. I think it should.

The Millstreet Man who saved the Limerick Leader

Buckley, Jeremiah (1862–1937), newspaper proprietor, accountant, and nationalist, was born 16 November 1862 in Coomlogane, Millstreet, Co. Cork, the second son of John Buckley, gentleman, and Ellen Buckley (née Mullane), of Curragh, Millstreet, Co. Cork. He entered King’s Inns (1890) and was called to the bar in 1893. Having dealt with only a few cases he went on to become a chartered accountant, as a junior at Kean and Co., Dame St., Dublin. He bought this company on Kean’s death, retaining its working name. Around 1900 he also obtained ownership of the Limerick Leader, which had been founded in 1889 as a pro-nationalist journal, and run into financial difficulties. He revitalised the paper, securing its finances and maintaining its pro-nationalist stance. In 1902 he was jailed for one month because of a Leader editorial in which he denounced those who occupied the land of evicted tenants. The paper was again in trouble in 1919 when it was suppressed by the authorities for supplying information on the national loan organised by the first Dáil.

Buckley became an advisor and close friend of Éamon de Valera (qv) and was heavily involved in the foundation and development of [read more …] “The Millstreet Man who saved the Limerick Leader”

Historical Maps of Millstreet

In this article we try to bring together all the old maps which made reference to  Millstreet or some notable place nearby. The first detailed inland maps come from the early 17th Century, until proper ordinance survey maps in the first half of the 19th century. All the maps below give something different on how our area was mapped / perceived. Some of the maps are are not from field studies, but adapted and combined from other peoples work to produce the map.

You can click on all the maps and see a much larger version, and there are links to the sources of all maps, most of which are much larger maps of Cork, Munster or Ireland.


16th Century – McCarthy Sects in the Kingdom of Desmond.
[from Wikipedia – see the Map of Munster] [more on the McCarthys of Desmond]
1920 - 16th Century McCarthy Sects in the Kingdom of Desmond


1606 Mercator and Hondius Map of Ireland.
Cork is left to middle at the bottom. It shows Dereshane (Drishane), Dromagh (which appears closer to Cork than Macroom!), Magrome(Macroom), Cantorkes (Kanturk), and Glen Elix (The Glen of Ellis, referring to the Ellis family who lived in the area at the time [ref]. The maps of the time were more interested in the costal waterways than what was inland. [full map of Ireland]
1606 Mercator and Hondius Map of Munster


1610 John Speed Map of Ireland: shows Drishane (Derishane), and Mushera (Knock Muskery) [full map] [2.in Black and White] [high quality]

1610 John Speed map of Ireland [read more …] “Historical Maps of Millstreet”

A Statistical Survey of Millstreet (1810)

“Near Millstreet the principal seat is Westwood, the property of John Wallis, Esq. an extensive demesne, situated on the Blackwater, and richly adorned with timber. It enjoys the convenience of limestone, the staple manure of this part of the country, and from which several parts of it are very remote. The neighbourhood of Millstreet, surrounded for the most part by lofty mountains, contains nevertheless a good deal of arable land, which lets much higher than might be expected from its remote situation. There are instances of farm land bringing 40s- per acre, and near the town still greater rents. Turf fuel is here in the utmost abundance, affording most convenient means, from the proximity of limestone, for reclaiming the extensive ranges of moorland, with which this part of the country abounds. Of these there are some very fine tracts adjoining the Blackwater, and not much elevated above the bed of the river. I know no part of the county, that presents, to appearance, a finer subject for the hand of judicious improvement. The expense of draining, which is the grand requisite, might perhaps be very considerable, but the return of profit would amply repay any expenditure. The circumstances of the [read more …] “A Statistical Survey of Millstreet (1810)”

Huge Demonstration at Moll Carthy’s

Ahead of this evening’s table quiz at Moll Carthy’s Bridge, we briefly look back at an event when 6,000 people converged on Moll Carthy’s:

“On January 23 (1887), an enthusiastic demonstration under the auspices of the National League was held at Moll Carthy’s Bridge, situated eight miles from the town of Kanturk. There was an enormous assemblage, estimated at 6,000 persons. There were two brass bands and several fife and dram bands in attendance, accompanied by contingents from all the surrounding branches of the League, including Banteer, Dromagh, Dromtarriff, Millstreet, Ballyvourney, Carrigenema, Newmarket, Ballyclough, Lyre, Kilcorney, and Nadd. A large force of police under the Millstreet district inspector was present. A Government note-taker was also present and took notes of the speeches.” – from the NZ Tablet

150th Anniversary of the Manchester Martyrs

THE MANCHESTER MARTYRS”

by

COL (Ret.) Robert J. Bateman, NYARG

Past National Historian, AOH (1976 – 1980)

Past Division #8 Historian, Lawrence, MA

Division #18 Historian, Peekskill, N.Y.

(Great-grandnephew of Captain Timothy Deasy)

On the 150th anniversary of their deaths, let us pause to commemorate, the brave Fenian heroes forever known in Irish history as “THE MANCHESTER MARTYRS” .

On the 18th of September 1867, in Manchester, England, Colonel Rickard O’Sullivan Burke, Captain Michael O’Brien, Captain Edward O’Meagher Condon and a rescue party of fifteen other Bold Fenian Men rescued Colonel Thomas Kelly, Chief Executive of the IRB and Captain Timothy Deasy, the Deputy Central Organizer of the Irish Republic and IRB commander for Manchester and Liverpool, who were being transported from Bellvue “Goal” (jail) by British Authorities. The Fenian Officers Burke, Condon, O’Brien, Kelly and Deasy, all American citizens and combat veterans of the American Civil War, were also members of the Ancient Order of Hibernians in America; while Burke, Allen, O’Brien, Condon and Deasy were all from County Cork. The names of the 15 other Fenians who made up the rescue party were Thomas O’Bolger, James Laverty, John Neary, Peter Ryan, William Melvin, Michael Larkin, Timothy Featherstone, Charles Moorhouse, Peter Rice, William Philip Allen, Patrick Bloomfield, John Stoneham, Joseph Ryan and James Cahill.

During the rescue, (“THE SMASHING OF THE VAN”), Sergeant Charles Brett, a Manchester Police veteran of some twenty-five years, was accidentally shot and killed. [read more …] “150th Anniversary of the Manchester Martyrs”

Long Herlihy’s in 1953

Apparently Timothy Herlihy was a bit of a local character in the Aubane area. His home was very near Clashatrake Bridge (between Aubane and Kilcorney Creamery), set on the lower slope of Glenleigh, and is clearly seen in the above photo which was taken from across the valley in Lacht in 1953, showing it and the surrounding valley, including a distant Mushera Mountain at the top left.
[read more …] “Long Herlihy’s in 1953”

Clara Hillfort


While most of us have been to the top of Clara Mountain, many don’t know that on top, the remains of an ancient hillfort lie under the heather. It can be made out in the photo above which shows Clara with Millstreet in the background. The hillfort is described in a new archaeological site: The Atlas of Hillforts of Britain and Ireland, which maps for the first time all the ancient hillforts across the landscapes of Ireland and the UK:

“Contour fort positioned at the summit of Claragh Mountain, overlooking the town of Millstreet. The circular enclosing element measures 122m in diameter and comprises a single bank of loose stone with no discernible ditch feature. It occupies a total area of 1ha. Possible original entrance at WNW. Up to four breaks in the bank have been created in recent years. Near the center of the interior, a sub-rectangular enclosure, 19m E _ W, 14mN _ S, is defined by a setting of stones. A cairn, 8m in diameter and 0.5m in maximum height is incorporated in to W section of the hillfort bank. Sections of peat at summit suggest an even blanket of peat approximately 0.2m in depth. Some heather growth in interior. There have been no archaeological investigations of this hillfort.
Entrance: Simple break in hillfort bank, 8m wide. West side”

[read more …] “Clara Hillfort”

Railway Gatekeeper at Dooneen

Many thanks to Kevin McDermott for the above photo which shows his wife Noreen’s Grandfather and Grandmother -John and Katherine Cronin.  John Cronin was the Railway Gatekeeper at Dooneen, Millstreet, and lived in the Gatekeepers cottage at the time.  He’m thinking that the photo was taken early in the nineteen hundreds probably around 1910.  Noreen (née Cronin) was formerly from Murphy’s Terrace.  [read more …] “Railway Gatekeeper at Dooneen”

The Killing of Michael Dinneen

Early on the morning of the 24th of June 1921 I.R.A. Volunteer Michael Dineen from the Kilcorney Company County Cork was taken prisoner by Auxiliaries in a round-up of I.R.A. suspects. He was picked up at his brother’s house Ivale, and his body was later found at Tooreenbawn some three hundred yards from his home he had been shot.

 

“About 7 a.m. on Friday, June 24th., I noticed some Auxiliaries and a policeman at a little distance from my house. I have since ascertained that the policeman’s name was Dowd. I called my brother, Michael, who was in bed. He got up and dressed, and was saying his morning prayers when the Auxiliaries came in. They questioned him and charged him with being in the Rathcoole Ambush on the previous week, and with being an officer in the I.R.A., all of which was untrue, and which he denied. Then they took him out of the house and one of them went to his room, searched it and took some money. When this man came downstairs he ordered my brother to be brought in again, and questioned him about Sinn Fein, etc, and said: “I’m going to shoot you because you must be an officer in the I.R.A.” “If you do,” said Michael, “I can’t help it. I suppose you shot as innocent men as me.” He ordered Michael to be brought outside  [read more …] “The Killing of Michael Dinneen”

A Car Crash, and a Dead Cow by Magic Bullet

Andrew Duggan’s hardware store / pub at the Bridge (1912).

The below interesting debate took place between Thomas Nagle, TD for North Cork, and George Nicholls, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Defence, during Question Time in Dáil Eireann on Tuesday, 19 May 1925.

TOMAS DE NOGLA:     asked the Minister for Defence if he is aware that Mr. A. Duggan, Millstreet, Co. Cork, has been refused compensation in respect of damage done to a car by collision with a military lorry, which it is stated was travelling very fast, and, if so, if he will agree to reconsider the claim.

Mr. NICHOLLS:     I regret that I cannot agree to reconsider Mr. Duggan’s claim for compensation in respect of damage alleged to have been done to his car by collision with a military lorry.

Mr. NAGLE:     Are any damages paid in cases where military lorries injure private persons’ property?

Mr. NICHOLLS:     This accident occurred on the 2nd December, 1922, at midnight, after a Crossley tender had passed two other carts without any untoward results. Exhaustive inquiries have been made in connection with the claim which is for £9 4s. 6d. in respect of upset to a cart containing cases of whiskey, wine, etc.  [read more …] “A Car Crash, and a Dead Cow by Magic Bullet”

This day 1773 – The Murder of Art Ó Laoghaire

This day in 1773 – Art Ó Laoghaire, the subject of Eileen O’Leary’s lament ‘Caoineadh Airt Uí Laoghaire’, is shot and murdered by soldiers at Carriganima. Art was closely related to the McCarthy’s of Drishane.

The below documentary has come to light recently and  covers the poem and the life of Art O’Laoghaire and Eibhlín Dubh Ní Chonaill (Eileen O’ Connell).

The poem was recorded by a Millstreet lady Nora Ní Shindile (a professional keener). Read our article on her and the poem.

Mushera Volunteers Easter 1916 Plaque Unveiling Celebrations DVD now available

A new DVD has been produced of the Plaque unveiling in Aubane Community Centre which took place last December to remember the 1916 Mushera Company of Irish Volunteers, the price of the DVD is 10 Euro and copies are available from Noreen Kelleher Aubane and Noreen can be contacted on 087 9486673 if you wish to purchase a Copy.

 

Does anyone know of Crippleford?

Bob Kenney has been researching his family tree and is stuck at his great great great grandmother. She was Ellen Healy of Crippleford, and her marriage to Timothy Buckley on June 1, 1833 is listed in the Dromtarriffe Parish Register.

He had been trying to locate Crippleford, but after some time failed, so he asked us, but we’ve never heard of it, and no-one we asked has heard of it either. So we’re wondering if anyone of our readers has heard of it, or could ask someone that might know. Bob would be delighted if someone could help him out. If so please leave a comment below, or contact us directly [contact details are on our Contact Page].

A few thoughts:

1.. There are a couple of references to Crippleford online, all referring to “Thomas Wallace born Jan.6, 1806 in Rethcool, Duhallow, Cripleford on the Blackwater in County Cork,Ireland”. [1] [2]. There are also more references to Crippleford in the parish register, so it’s safe to say that the name did/does exist in the Dromtarriffe Parish area.

2.. It was normal for [read more …] “Does anyone know of Crippleford?”

The Attack on the Carnegie Hall (Jan 4th 1923)

The Carnegie Hall, the Town Hall in January 1923 which was not taken

 

1923 – A column of 65 Anti-Treaty fighters from Cork and Kerry IRA units, under Tom Barry, attacks Millstreet, Cork, under cover of darkness. They use 12 machine guns and take three National Army posts in the town, taking 39 prisoners and capturing one Lewis gun and 35 rifles. However they fail to take the main post in the Town Hall, held by 23 Free State soldiers. They withdraw after several hours – one party to Ballyvourney in Cork and the other to the Pap mountains in Kerry. Two Free State soldiers are killed and several more wounded. The National Army reports six Anti-Treaty fatalities and 19 wounded but the Republicans admit to only three wounded – from Stair na hÉirean

MILLSTREET AND AUGHRIM  (from: “The Munster Republic: The Civil War in North Cork”)
The new year began on a relatively quiet note. Round-ups were carried out in Churchtown on 2 January and in Newtown on 3 January. However, the Cork Examiner of 6 January reported that fire was opened on [read more …] “The Attack on the Carnegie Hall (Jan 4th 1923)”

WWI: Capt Eugene John McSwiney (1890-1916)

eugene-john-mcswiney-02Fresh out of UCD medical school in 1915 where he qualified in surgery and midwifery, Eugene John McSwiney like most in the medical school before him at the time joined the British Army, presumably to get experience for his new qualification.

The Royal Army Medical Corps was probably considered one of the safer jobs in the army as you weren’t being bombarded, but a little over a year later on St.Steven’s Day 1916 (100 years ago today) the doctor from Rathroe House Eugene John had passed away from pneumonia at the Naval Barracks in Devonport (Plymouth), England, after which his body was returned to Ireland and buried in Millstreet Church Graveyard, one of only two from WWI to be buried there.

Born in Johnstown House, Kilmichael on December 7th 1890, an only child to Margaret McCarthy (of Dromagh) and Dr. Morgan McSwiney. Morgan was the local doctor and Justice of the Peace, but he died young of gallstones in 1906, and a few years later in the 1911 census, Margaret and Eugene John had moved and were living with Margaret’s Brother Michael and family in Ardnageeha Dispensary, near Cullen. Soon after that they moved to Rathroe House, Derrinagree with Margaret’s other brothers where Margaret lived until she passed away in 1936.

Eugene John entered Queens College Cork medical school in 1908, and did well, being awarded prizes in Botany and Chemistry in his first year. He moved to UCD Medical School in 1912, and finished his final exams in Midwifery and Surgery in 1915. From there he joined the the Royal Army Medical Corps, and little did he expect to be gone himself in just over a year. [read more …] “WWI: Capt Eugene John McSwiney (1890-1916)”

Millstreet Old Age Pensions

MILLSTREET OLD AGE PENSION COMMITTEE – Very Rev. J.Canon Casey, P.P. V.F., Chairman, presided. There were 136 claims before the meeting; 96 claims were passed at the maximum of 2s 6d; 8 were allowed 2s, and 2 were allowed 1s6d per week, and the remainder adjourned to the next meeting; 4 claims were passed for the Old Age Pension at the rate of 5s per week, and 2 cases were sent forward for reinvestigation. Since October 20th, the Committee have passed 350 claims, over 300 being allowed 2s 6d , and the remainder from 2s, 1s 6d and 1s per week, a large number of claims for the district not being heard yet. The Committe haveheld several special meetings so as to facilitate the passing of the claims – Irish Examiner 22nd December 1916

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The Old Age Pensions Act 1908 introduced a non-contributory pension for eligible people aged 70 and over. It was implemented from January 1909 in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. To be eligible, applicants had to be 70 years old, to have an income of less than £31.10.00 per annum and to ‘be of good character’. During the first three months of 1909, [read more …] “Millstreet Old Age Pensions”

Con O’Callaghan stands up for local Carriage Makers (1st Dec 1916)

At the quarterly meeting of Cork County Council, Millstreet’s local representative, Cors O’Callaghan (of Altamount House) proposed a resolution requesting the people not to purchase imported carriages and traps and keep local jobs in Ireland. You might say that things have not changed much in the hundred years since ! O’Callaghan also agrued against low wages, and the problems with the newly introduced Daylight Saving Time.

1916-12-01-con-ocallaghan-stands-up-for-trap-makers-02_rsz1916-12-01-con-ocallaghan-stands-up-for-trap-makers-01_rsz

Munster and Leinster Bank opens in Millstreet (Nov 1916)

1916-11-28-munster-and-leinster-bank-millstreet_rszOne hundred years ago, the Munster and Leinster Bank opened in Millstreet. The Bank manager at opening was E.V. Heffernan, who was newly promoted from the Dungarvan Branch. In 1966 Munster and Leinster merged with Provincial Bank of Ireland, the Royal Bank of Ireland to become the AIB Bank which we still have today. [read more …] “Munster and Leinster Bank opens in Millstreet (Nov 1916)”

Video: Angela on RTÉ in 1971, 1975 & 1986

On Saturday week the 19th Angela Collins will launch her book at Green Glens (details in Seán’s article from yesterday). Back in 1971 she featured in an interview on the ‘Enterprise’ programme on RTÉ TV. Watch that interview below (from the RTÉ archives)

… in 1986 she received the Bowmaker Award from Minister for Finance John Bruton at an award ceremony at Jury’s Hotel : [read more …] “Video: Angela on RTÉ in 1971, 1975 & 1986”

Colonel John Leader of Keale House

john-leader-of-keale-house-01“Colonel John Leader is, above all things, modest, for he insists on saying, when asked about his life, ‘My hideous past?’ Why nothing exciting ever happened to me.” Passing over the fact that he has seen service with all the allies but one, has been an interpreter of Japanese, Chinese and German, Colonel Leader said, “I guess the thing I was most proud of was winning my ‘blues’ at college.” Blues are what Americans call letters meaning that Colonel Leader was a “letter man” at his school. He won letters in mostly everything. He was captain of the hockey, polo, soccer and lawn tennis teams.”

John Leader was born in Quetta, a high-altitude city in modern-day Pakistan, to Irish parents in 1877. He was born into a long line of military men; his father, Surgeon-Major John Leader, was a colonel who enjoyed a distinguished career in the British military service. He left India when a small boy, and journeyed to his family home in Ireland. The Leaders have an old moated hall at Keale in Cork, where the last fourteen John Leaders have lived. The old family name was Temple until the time of the Battle of Boynewater, when John Temple from Keale took such an important part in the conflict that King William renamed him Leader, and Leaders they have remained. Although born in India, Colonel Leader is thoroughly Irish, and has all the Irish humor of his ancestors. [read more …] “Colonel John Leader of Keale House”

WWI: Lieutenant William Felix MacCarthy O’Leary

william-felix-mccarthy-oleary
William Felix MacCarthy O’Leary

Lieut. Wm. F. MacCARTHY O’LEARY, Royal Munster Fusiliers.
Killed in action in France on September 7th, 1916. Aged 22.

In “Billy” MacCarthy O’Leary we have lost one who was so recently amongst us that many boys still at the College remember well the tall form and good-humoured face of one who was a general favourite with his school-fellows. The notice from The Times for September 9th, which we print below, briefly summarises his career :-

“Lieut. William Felix MacCarthy O’Leary, Royal Munster Fusiliers, killed on September 7th, 1916, aged 22, was the son o f the late Lieut. Col. W. MacCarthy O’Leary and Mrs. O’Leary, of Coomlagane House, Millstreet, Co. Cork. His father was killed in action while commanding the 1st Bn. The South Lancashire Regt. at Pieter’s Hill, Natal, on February 27th, 1900. He was educated at Stonyhurst College, Lancashire, and when war broke out was at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, whence he was gazetted to the Royal Munster Fusiliers. He was with his battalion at the Dardanelles, and was wounded in the attack on June 28th, 1915. He rejoined his regiment in August, but was sent down to Alexandria with enteric (typhoid), and after some months’ illness was invalided home last December. He rejoined his regiment at the front in July. His two elder brothers are serving in the South Lancashire Regt. and the Royal Irish Fusiliers.”

In a letter to Mrs. MacCarthy O’Leary acquainting her with her son’s death, the Colonel of the regiment wrote :— [read more …] “WWI: Lieutenant William Felix MacCarthy O’Leary”

Felix Joseph McCarthy

mr-felix-mccarthy-montonette-and-coomloganeFELIX MACCARTHY, J.P., Montenotte House, Cork; son of the late Denis MacCarthy O’Leary, of Coomlagane House, Millstreet; born March, 1829, at Coomlagane; educated at Everton College, Cork.

He was a Justice of the Peace for counties Cork and Clare; Resident Magistrate for seventeen years in Roscommon, Castlerea, Longford, Kilmallock, and Limerick, and for thirteen years in Belfast.

Married, February 15th, Maria, daughter of William Hodnett, and has issue five sons,

  • William Serle, born December 5th, 1855, Captain in the Argentine Navy ;
  • Felix Denis Francis, born November lIth, 1857, Colonel Commanding Royal Engineers, Dublin;
  • Charles, born in November, 1860, electrical engineer;
  • Augustus, born June, 1865, Superintending Engineer Public Works Department, India; and
  • Morgan John, born November 25th, 1867, Major Royal Field Artillery, who was in the 13th.

Mr. Felix MacCarthy. J.P. Battery during the Boer war, and was in Ladysmith during the selge.
Clubs: County. Cork, and Royal Cork Yacht.
He died at his home Montonette House on 1st July 1914 in the presence of his son Morgan John McCarthy [read more …] “Felix Joseph McCarthy”