Yesterday, the Irish Railway Record Society posted a video of railway works at Millstreet and Charleville on their Facebook Page. The first minute and a half is from Millstreet Station. To reminisce on how it was 33 years ago., just click on THIS LINK to watch the video (I think that you may need to be logged into facebook to view it). [read more …] “Rail Works at Millstreet Station in 1988”
In the aftermath of the Rathcoole ambush a week earlier, where two Auxiliaries were killed, and many wounded, the British forces conducted the biggest sweep of any area in the south of Ireland, looking for IRA suspects. Early on the morning of the 24th of June 1921 I.R.A. Volunteer Michael Dineen from the Kilcorney Company County Cork was taken from his brother’s house in Ivale, and shot in the back multiple times just 300m away.
The British Commandant instructed that no inquest was to take place as such action would have risked lives unnecessarily of local forces.
His funeral was probably the largest ever seen locally, and he was buried in Millstreet Church Graveyard (along the path, just down from the sacristy door).
Pictured above is the memorial at the site of his murder in Tooreenbawn.
For more information on Mikie Dineen, and what happened, we recommend these: [read more …] “Mikie Dinneen, Murdered 100 years ago today at Tooreenbawn”
On June 22nd 1921, George H.S. Duckham, was returning to Millstreet from leave in London where he had been married just a week earlier. A young R.I.C. constable in Millstreet, he had rested in Macroom Barrack overnight, and was making his way in plain clothes on a horse and side-car to Millstreet. It was at the height of the war of Independence, and unfortunately for him, the IRA knew he was coming and they ambushed him between Macroom and Carriganima at Carriganeigh Cross. They took him prisoner and apparently found on him amongst other things, a list of the names of the members of the Millstreet Battalion Column that were to be shot on sight. On top of that, as a constable he apparently had a bad record in the eyes of the local republicans. He was tried by the IRA and shot. His body was left across the river from Carriganima Church, but apparently taken away and buried in a bog elsewhere by locals who were afraid that the police would cause trouble in the area. His body was never found and remains a mystery. He left behind a young wife and a young son, also named George Henry Samuel Duckham. Wherever his body lies, may he rest in peace.
He is one of four+ R.I.C. (two auxiliaries, two Black and Tans) that lost their lived in Millstreet during the War of Independence. Below are two reports on his demise, and also as some details about his background: [read more …] “George H.S. Duckham (1900-1921)”
Today marks the 100th anniversary of the Rathcoole Ambush, one of the largest and most successful ambushes by the IRA during the War of Independence, which increased pressure on the British Empire to leave Ireland to the Irish..
The IRA laid landmines in the road, and detonated them as a convoy of Auxillaries passed over them, disabling two vehicles and trapping three more. Two auxiliaries, both only 20 years old, William A.H. Boyd, and Frederick Shorter were killed in the ambush, and many more injured.
Further Details of the ambush can be found in the article The Rathcoole Ambush – June 16th 1921
The Clonbanin Ambush Centenary Monument (at Derrinagree Church) was completed today with the erection of two information boards. The board on the left tells the story of the Ambush and the board on the right contains the relevant maps outlining the routes the Volunteers travelled and the Ambush site. The committee would like to thank the following for the design and fabrication of the boards:
- Seamus Buckley, SB2 Steelworks, Meenskehy,
- Declan Crowley, Milltech Digital Printing, Cork.
I drafted a manuscript titled “100 Letters from Ireland” based on letters my grandmother Bella Murphy Barker wrote from 1922-1923 while she, my mother and aunt were visiting my great grandmother Jude Sugrue Murphy in Knocknaloman. I am seeking an editor to review the manuscript before I publish and I will gladly pay for the service.
The Tricolour is flying at the Clonbanin monument to commemorate the Centenary Anniversary of the Drishanebeg Train Ambush on the 11th February 1921.The Volunteers of the Millstreet Battalion IRA achieved a major success over British forces by stopping and boarding the train, travelling from Mallow to Killarney, and seizing rifles and ammunition from the troops on the train. The Volunteers had taken up positions at the Ambush site, on eight consecutive nights not knowing when they would be called into action.
In the last few days we have been asked for a little more information on Captain Con Murphy, whose 100th anniversary is today, and after whom Murphy’s Terrace in Millstreet was named. For this purpose, below is a detailed article on his active years, written by his great-grandniece as a special study for her Leaving Certificate a few years ago:
Captain Cornelius Murphy: 1915-1921
First Volunteer of the Irish Republican Army to be executed under Martial Law for possession of firearms.
In 1921 my great-granduncle, Captain Cornelius Murphy was the first to be executed by the British Firing Squad since the executions of the 1916 Easter Rising Leaders. He was also the first volunteer of the Irish Republican Army to be executed under Martial Law for possession of firearms.
His military career began in December 1915, when Con was appointed Officer Commanding of the Rathduane Company in Ballydaly which comprised of forty men. At the time this was under Tomas MacCurtain’s Cork Brigade of Irish Volunteers, in January 1919, this Company became part of Liam Lynch’s No. 2 Brigade. After the Easter Rising, 1916, the controversy surrounding the executions of the Rising Leaders had grown in intensity, and the Royal Irish Constabulary, (backed by the British Army) raided Ireland for signs of potential threat to English security. Con and his brother Denis were arrested in the aftermath of the Rising as part of a nationwide crackdown on prominent Republicans (more than one hundred men were captured in total). The Murphys arrived at Knutsford, Chesire on June 7th 1916. All the detainees were released in August of that year as the jail was shut down. [read more …] “Captain Cornelius Murphy: 1915-1921”
The Tricolour is flying at half mast at the Clonbanin monument to remember and honour Capt Con Murphy, Rathduane Company, Millstreet Battalion IRA who was executed by British forces in Cork Jail on 1st February 1921.
The Tricolour is flying at half mast at the Clonbanin monument to commemorate and remember the tragic events of the 21st November 1920 in Croke Park, when British soldiers opened fire at a Tipperary v Dublin football match resulting in 14 innocent civilians being killed. We also remember Volunteer Paddy McCarthy, Meelin, who was shot dead by Black and Tan forces on the 22nd November,1920 at Mill Lane, Millstreet, Co Cork.
A moving and poignant video, by the GAA, of the tragic events of 21st November 1920 in Croke Park, when British soldiers opened fire at a Tipperary v Dublin football match resulting in 14 people being killed.
Click here to view the video (Facebook log is required)
The Tricolour is flying at half mast at the Clonbanin monument, to honour the memory of Terence McSwiney, Lord Mayor of Cork, who died on hunger strike in Brixton prison, England on this day 25th October 1920. We also remember Commandant Michael Fitzgerald and Volunteer Joseph Murphy who died on hunger strike in Cork prison on 17th October and and 25th October respectively, during the War of Independence
I was wondering if someone might please be able to help me?
My name is Helen Sagan and I live in Australia. I understand it is not your job to do family history research for anyone who might happen to ask, but I am looking for some very specific local history information regarding the Rockite movement of 1822 and I thought you might best be able to assist or direct me.
I am researching my husbands Walsh family tree, on the Kerry side of the Blackwater, in-fact I visited your library back in 2011 and spent many pleasant hours looking through the Casey Collection.
At present I am investigating two brothers Healy, Tadj(Timothy?) and Liam(William?) that were executed on 10th August 1822 (along with 3 others) and have their names inscribed upon a monument erected at Shinnagh Cross, Rathmore. I believe these brothers to be my husband’s Uncles and would sincerely love more information on them.
Most recently I discovered the Duchas School books (a truly marvellous & enlightening collection!) which introduced me to tales of old local people during the 1930’s, recalling stories their grandparents would have told them, some about the Whiteboy uprising and precisely the 1822 murder of William Brereton and the subsequent events that resulted in and around Rathmore.
The Tricolour is flying at the Clonbanin Ambush Monument to honour the memory of Michael Collins who died on 22nd August 1922
The Tricolour is flying on Clonbanin and Derrygallon Monuments in memory of 2 IRA Volunteers, Paddy Clancy and Jack O Connell, who were both shot dead by British forces on the 16th August 1920 during the War of Independence
‘Recent upgrade of Clonbanin Monument in preparation for the centenary Commemoration ceremony taking place on Saturday 6th March 2021. Sincere thanks to Ciara McAuliffe, of True Reflection Art Therapy, Mallow, for her brilliant artistry which she donated free of charge.
In memory of Jack Charlton today a photo of the fabulous flag produced by Tommy Burke of Clara Toys which accompanied a group of local soccer enthusiasts to Italy for World Cup 1990.
Millstreet 1941 High Mill Lane
L. R Tom Dowling, Dan Lauder Sullivan, daughter Julia, Munty Singleton, Con Conner, John Joe Dunne, Den Connor, Gary Singleton, dog, two shy kids, Mary Dunne Ambrós, small boy with hand up, my brother Frank.
A very old picture from 1960s…my uncle is far right Garry Murphy Prohous…and far left is Ger Cronin Killoween. ..Could the public identify the others? …Paddy Sullivan. (Two further people whom I can identify are Mrs. Kelleher who owned the Public Bar near Reen’s Pharmacy in Main Street, Millstreet – a true lady and at the centre is the very well known John “Sing” O’Sullivan …. Many thanks, Paddy, for sharing such an interesting image on our website …. And we thank Frank Reen and Bernie O’Rahilly (née Murphy) for just now sharing in our Comments Forum their truly comprehensive captions to the superb photograph….Seán Radley.)
Continuing our series on the events of 1920 with the help of the daily newspaper of the First Dáil, the Irish Bulletin.
LEST WE FORGET (20)
The following are the Acts of Aggression Committed in Ireland by the armed Military and Police of the Usurping English Government – as reported in the Daily Press, for the Week ending APRIL 3rd, 1920:
The sentences passed on political offenders during the above five days, totalled 9 years.
MONDAY, MARCH 29th, 1920
Raids:– Armed military forcibly entered over a score of private residences in Dublin in the early hours of the morning, searching every room and perusing the private correspondence of the occupiers. In many cases the residents were arrested. Among the houses visited were those of Mr. Laurence Ginnell, Member of Parliament for Westmeath, Mr. Philip Shanahan, Member of Parliament for the Clontarf division of Dublin City, Mr. Charles Murphy, recently elected Alderman of the Dublin Corporation, and Mr. T. J. Loughlin recently elected Councillor of the same body. At Carrick-on-Suir five houses were raided by police. At Thurles, Co. Tipperary eight houses were raided by armed police. In other parts of Ireland, Bandon, Clonakilty and Fermoy, Co. Cork, Enniskillen, Co. Fermanagh, Strabane, Co. Tyrone, Gort, Co. Galway, Tralee, Co. Kerry, Listowel, Co. Kerry, and at Belfast City. Over 100 private houses were similarly raided. [read more …] “Lest We Forget (20) – March 29th – April 10th, 1920”
During this Covid-19 pandemic, it has often been compared to the Influenza Pandemic of 1918/1919. We were wondering how it affected this area, so we delved into the records to try to figure it out.
Surprisingly, what we found was that there was no big spike in deaths locally at that time compared to the surrounding years (see the graph below **). So we though that maybe it didn’t affect the Millstreet area at all … but we were wrong.
When we looked at the case by case influenza and pneumonia figures (flu was often misdiagnosed as pneumonia) in the death registers, we saw that around March 1919, there was a big jump in numbers when about 20 died from flu and pneumonia. This coincided with what was referred to as the third wave of that pandemic in Ireland, and is easily seen by the yellow spike in the graph below. The smaller orange spike (November 1918) also coincided with the second wave of the pandemic in Ireland.
In total, we think about 30 people died locally died from it over the duration of that pandemic.
Some families here got destroyed by it … Twomeys of Islandhill lost 3 in a week, Sullivans of Umeraboy lost three in a month, Butlers of Liscahane lost two in a fortnight. The one very surprising thing though is that most of the deaths were people that died locally were in their 20’s and 30’s, which we were unaware of but was a feature of that disease.
If that many died in the spring of 1919, then about 1,000 must have been infected locally at the time. That’s a lot of sick people.
Below we first look at the disease in Ireland, and also we break down the death registers to see those that died from it locally, when they got it, and where they were from: [read more …] “The Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919 – How it affected Millstreet”
Come boys pledge a toast in a bumper most bright,
To the men who lie fettered in prison to-night.
Condemned by packed juries and perjurers base,
But there is one beyond all who is worthy of praise.
He who spoke through his rifle wherever he went,
That renowned legislator for lowering the rent.
For moral force theories could never accord,
With the noble desires of this patriot Bard.
Near the Muskerry mountains he first drew his breath,
And imbibed the pure air of his dear native heath.
And e’er he had grown to the age of a man,
To battle for freedom he bravely began.
Though England’s proud warriors may boast of their skill,
Their fleets and their armies, discipline and drill.
Far dearer to me was the Volunteer Guard,
That obeyed the command of the Muskerry Bard.
He defeated for years, all the limbs of the law,
And for daring and pluck struck each deepest with awe.
And the threat of his name spoken ever so tender,
Had made the most mean-hearted grabber surrender.
Twenty five times at least in the dock did he stand,
And was never betrayed by his brave hearted band.
Though often was offered a bounteous reward,
For a member to swear on this chivalrous Bard [read more …] “The Muskerry Bard”
“11th May 1920, Millstreet, Cork: As the IRA’s campaign against the RIC escalates, policemen’s families become increasingly easy targets. In Millstreet, the home of John Kennedy, an elderly ex-RIC man, is shot at. Kennedy’s son, John, had recently joined the Dublin Metropolitan Police”
The shots were likely more intimidatory in nature as opposed to attempted murder, and we might never know what exactly happened! The boycott of police was coming into its height at the time, and anything to ward off Irish men from joining the police was carried out. It didn’t drive out the family though, as they lived here for at least another ten years … but who were the Kennedys? Below, we try to explain where they came from and and what happened to them: [read more …] “Kennedy Home Shot-At Because Son Joined The Dublin Police”
LEST WE FORGET (19)
The Following are the Acts of Aggression Committed in Ireland by the armed forces of the usurping English Government — as reported in the Daily Press — for the week ending MARCH 27th, 1920.
The Sentences passed for political offences during the above six days totalled 6 years, 8 months, and 2 weeks.
MONDAY, MARCH 22nd, 1920
RAIDS:- In the course of a military “drive” through West Kerry, police and military raided upward of twenty houses. An extensive police and military raid was carried out on the premises of Mr. James O’Meara, Connaught Street, Athlone, Co. Westmeath. The flooring of the bedrooms was taken up and considerable damage done to the interior fittings of the house. Police and military raided the houses of the following persons in Monaghan:- Prof. O’Duffy; Messrs. C.A. Emerson; G. McEneany; J.E. McCabe; J. McDonald; P.J. McCann; and D. Horgan.
Four private houses were raided in South Kilkenny by military and police. Police and military raided a house at Wood Quay, Galway, and searched the rooms of a Catholic Priest who [was] staying in the house. [read more …] “Lest We Forget (19) – March 22nd-27th 1920”
Nicholas Pomeroy is one of only two veterans of the American Civil War buried in County Cork. In fact, he is buried beside the Church in Millstreet. Here is a short overview of his story:
Nicholas Pomeroy was born about 1835 at Claramore to Robert Pomeroy and Harriet Justice. He was one of six children. His father worked hard on the farm and the family were brought up very respectably. Time passed, and the children went to school and when his older brother Tom got old enough to travel, he went out to a relation of his father’s in Missouri. When Nicholas was old enough, he followed around the end of 1858 in order to make a living.
As time passed, he got bored, and decided he wanted to see more of the world. So in October 1860 first visited his brother Tom in Ray County, and from there headed to St. Louis and took a steamboat down the Mississippi to New Orleans, where he had a nice time for a few days. From there he crossed the Gulf of Mexico to Galveston, Texas, and then onto Houston where he found employment.
There he fell into the ways of the local people, and their manners and customs became natural to him, and he liked the people and the weather and the nature around him very much, and life was uneventful.
But in Spring 1861, war was brewing, the southerners blood was up and Nicholas was ready for an adventure, and at the end of April 1861 he volunteered to fight for the Confederates at Houston. There they trained in a camp for several months before setting out for the seat of war in Virginia, and it was two months before they arrived at the Potomac River, facing the Federal Army across the river.
There was no fighting due to the winter. The army was reorganised, but and the biggest problem was to get enough food, heat, and shelter until the following Spring, when the action started. Many got sick at this time.
Here is a brief overview of the places that Nicholas saw action during the war as part of Company A 5th Regiment Texas Infantry:
- Yorktown and coming to Magruder’s Assistance (April 1862)
- The retreat from Yorktown and The Battle of Eltham’s Landing (May 3rd 1862)
- The Battle of Seven Pines or Fair Oaks (31st May-1st June 1862)
- The Relief of Richmond and the Battle of Gaines’ Mill (Battle of Chickahominy River) (June 27, 1862)
- Battle of Malvern Hill (1st July 1862)
- The Second Battle of Bull Run or Battle of Second Manassas (August 28–30, 1862)
- The Battle of Antietam (the Battle of Sharpsburg) September 17, 1862
- The Battle of Fredericksburg (December 11–15, 1862)
- The Battle of Gettysburg (July 1st-3rd, 1863). There he was shot twice: “at last I was struck by a bullet that glanced along my tight side tearing the flesh and lacerating my ribs, and at the same instant one passed through the lower joint of my little finger of my right hand. Though the wound in my side was not serious, it was very painful and I had great difficulty in breathing for quite a while”. He was taken prisoner that day July 2nd and sent to Fort McHenry (or Fort Delaware?). He met a man there who knew his brother Tom, and he told Nicholas that Tom had died accidentally. On July 31st he was of the month he was paroled in a prisoner exchange.
- Furlough – After his release he was given leave for 30 days, which really didn’t seem like very much.
- Campaigning in Tennessee, where he got very sick with fever/malaria in November 1863
- The Battle of the Wilderness (May 5–7, 1864)
- The Battle of Spotsylvania (May 1864)
- The Siege of Petersburg (June 1864 to April 1865)
- He surrendered with the remnants of General Lee’s army at Appomattox on April 9th 1865.
Continuing our series on the events of 1920 with the help of the daily newspaper of the First Dail, the Irish Bulletin.
LEST WE FORGET (18)
The Following are the Acts of Aggression Committed in Ireland by the armed forces of the Usurping English Government — as reported in the Daily Press — for the week ending MARCH 20th, 1920.
MONDAY, 15th MARCH, 1920.
RAIDS: A large military force surrounded the residence at Glasnevin, Dublin, of Mr. J. Forrestal, recently elected Member of the Dublin Corporation, and ineffectually tried to open the front door with a bunch of keys which they carried for that purpose. Upon being subsequently admitted they ransacked the entire building, including the nursery where three young children slept, and the sick room in which Mrs. Forrestal lay ill. Police and military raided the residence of Mr. T.J. Loughlin, 32 Lindsay Road, Dublin, and remained for over two hours, during which time they conducted a thorough search. A police party raided the shop of Mr. D. Curtain, Paradise Place, Cork, and seized copies of Republican newspapers. The residence of Mr. J. O’Sullivan, 13 Kyle Street, Cork, was raised by police. Mr. J. Hurley’s house at St. Mary’s Terrace, Cork, was also raided.
ARRESTS: In the course of a military and police raid on the house of Mr. T.J. Loughlin, Lindsay Road, Dublin, the raiders, after intimating that they had instructions to arrest every man in the house, took into custody Mr. Loughlin — who is over 60 and in failing health — and his son, Joseph, aged 15. Mr. Loughlin has no connection with any political organisation, and his son is still attending school. [read more …] “Lest We Forget (18): March 15th-21st 1920”