Continuing our series on the events of 1920 with the help of the daily newspaper of the First Dail, the Irish Bulletin.
LEST WE FORGET (17)
The following are Acts of Aggression committed in Ireland by the armed Military and Police of the English Government, as reported in the Daily Press for the Week Ending March 6th, 1920
A new element has entered into the armed suppression of the Republican Movement in Ireland. Troops and police are now encouraged to wreck the property of well-known Republicans. In the foregoing week seven such incidents have occurred, these are usually accompanied by looting on the part of the troops. These occurrences appear under the heading “Sabotage”. In the above six days the sentences passed for political offences totalled one year and ten months.
MONDAY, MARCH 1st, 1920.
Raids:- Military and police in large numbers raided and searched upwards of 100 houses in the Rushbrook district of Co. Cork. At Dublin, in the early hours of the morning, military and police accompanied by armoured cars raided the residences of many prominent Republicans. Some twenty houses were searched including those of Mr. Robert O’Brennan, of the Rathmines Urban Council. Dr. Kathleen Lynn, – Member of the Rathmines Urban Council. In the raid on Mr. O’Brennan’s house the troops ordered Mrs. O’Brennan out of bed and when she subsequently asked them not to raid the rooms in which her three young children were sleeping the officer in charge replied “we can’t help that” and ordered the room be searched. In a raid upon the residence of Mrs. Hazlewood, that lady fainted and when an effort was made by a Mr. O’Brien who lodged in the same house to go to her assistance he was held up by the troops who ordered him at the point of the revolver to stand back. (See Military Sabotage). Military and police raided ten houses in the Kildorrery district of Co. Cork. In the Ballingar district of Co. Galway twenty five houses were raided and searched by armed police. Military and police raided the Labour Hall at Inchicore, Co. Dublin.
Arrests:- Two young men named Hynes and Kilkelly of Abbey, Co. Galway have been arrested on an unknown charge. Messrs James Burke, M. Cronin and T. Jackson, of Rockmills, Co. Cork, have been arrested. No charge has been preferred against them. Fifty six persons were arrested in the Streets of Dublin on a charge of being “abroad” between the hours of 12 midnight and 5 a.m. without the permission of the British Military authorities. Mr. Thos. Donovan of Kilsheehan, Co. Tipperary, was arrested on a charge of having in his
possession arms and ammunition. Five young men found in the Emmet Hall, Inchicore – where the local Labour meet, – were arrested in a raid by military and police. Messrs. M. Doohan, C. Doohan, Jos. McGinley and J. Coyle were arrested at Falcarragh, Co. Donegal, on a charge of “unlawful assembly”.
Armed Assault:- At the trial of the above-mentioned men at Falcarragh, Co. Donegal it was admitted by the police that they attacked and batoned a gathering of civilians. An effort was made by the police to justify their action by alleging that the civilians first stoned them, but the case fell through, the four men being released. The incident mentioned in last week’s list in which the armed forces of the British Government stationed in town of Thurles marked the houses of prominent Sinn Feiners by painting at night time threatening symbols upon them, has had its sequel. In the early hours of Saturday morning British military filled the streets of the town and wrecked the houses they had previously marked. They destroyed shop-fronts, and smashed in the windows and doors of private houses. The local Sinn Fein Hall was almost completely wrecked. The troops engaged in these operations were accompanied by their officers.
The new element which recently entered into the armed suppressions of the Irish people, that of wanton destruction and looting by the British Military, is being evidenced more frequently. In the raids in Dublin mentioned above, pictures were smashed in several houses, from the residence of Dr. Kathleen Lynn valuable ornaments were stolen by the military raiders, while in the jewellers shop kept by Mr. Farley at 84 Parnell Street, Dublin, a force of British troops looted and destroyed property valued at several hundreds of pounds. Further, in the town of Thurles during the sacking of Sinn Fein residences above mentioned, damage to an enormous was done. In all these instances the troops were acting under their officers.
TUESDAY, MARCH 2nd, 1920.
Raids:- Armed police raided the residence at Derrygarve, Co. Derry Mr. P. Diamond. The residence, in the same district, of Mr. F. Murphy, was also raided. The raids took place just after midnight. Both the occupants were arrested. (See below). A strong party of police raided the Sinn Fein Hall at Ballinasloe, Co. Galway, while a dance was in progress, and arrested the young men who were attending it. At Derryhee, Emyvale, Co. Monaghan, armed police raided two private houses. Large forces of military and police continued the searching of houses in the Cloyne district of Co. Cork. Over 100 houses were forcibly entered and every room in them ransacked.
Arrests:- At Derrygarve, Co. Derry, armed police arrested in bed Mr. P. Diamond a man of over 70 years, who is under constant medical treatment. They brought him to the police barracks where he has had to be visited frequently by the doctor. The charge against him is one of being in possession of a shot gun. Mr. Diamond is a farmer and the gun is necessary to him for the preservation of his crops. On a similar charge, Mr. F. Murphy was arrested also at Derrygarve. At Ballinasloe, Co. Galway, 30 young men were arrested in a police raid in the local Sinn Fein Hall. A dance was in progress at the time. This the police suppressed, arresting the men on a charge of “unlawful assembly”. Mr. Thos. Reilly of Mullaheran, Co. Cavan, was arrested on a charge of advertising the Irish Self -Determination Fund displaying posters appealing for subscriptions to it. Mr. H. McCabe of Clarinagh, Enniskillen, was arrested on a charge of having arms in his possession. Two persons were arrested on the streets of Dublin on a
charge of being “abroad” between the hours of 12 midnight and 5 a.m. without the permission of the British Military Authorities.
Proclamations & Suppressions:- Armed police forcibly suppressed a dance at the Ballinasloe (Co. Galway) Sinn Fein Club, arresting 30 of the participants.
Armed Assault:- In the streets of Thurles, Co. Tipperary, police armed with hand grenades, rifles, bayonets and batons, attacked a number of townspeople who had peaceably gathered in the street. Many were injured. In the same town armed police accosted a local tradesman named James Moloney and having ordered him to hold up his hands beat him with the butt-ends of their rifles.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 3rd, 1920.
Raids:- At Newport, Co. Tipperary and in the neighbouring districts armed police raided and searched fifty houses. In Cork city police raided over a score of private houses and searched them. Sinn Fein Hall at Ballinasloe, Co. Galway, was again raided by the police.
Arrests:- Ten persons were arrested on the streets of Dublin on a charge of being “abroad” without the permission of the British Military Authorities. In the second raid on the Sinn Fein Hall in Ballinasloe, Co. Galway, fifteen young men were arrested. The charge upon which these further arrests were made has not been stated.
Sentences:- Master James Staines, a boy of 17, recently arrested at his father’s house by a party of military who were trying to take Ald. M. Staines, M.P. into custody, was sentenced at the Northern Police Court, Dublin, to one month’s imprisonment for “having in his possession documents which if published might cause disaffection”. The documents were found in the accused’s father’s house when it was raided by the military. The magistrate said he could see no connection between the defendant and the documents; nor did he think some of the documents were “seditious”. Nevertheless the defendant was sentenced as above.
Courtsmartial:- Mr. Joseph McMurray was tried by courtmartial at Derry city on a charge of having in his possession 11 rifle cartridges of obsolete pattern and an empty Mills bomb case. He was found guilty. Sentence will be
Provocation:- At the weekly meeting of the Thurles Urban Council, the Councillors protested against the conduct of the police who frequently smashed peaceful citizens windows at night, and savagely beat innocent civilians returning after dark to their homes. One of the Members of the Council stated: “The terrorism in Thurles is simply terrible”. Mr. McCarthy, also a Councillor said when he protested to the police authorities against the conduct of their men he received letters from the police threatening him with violence whenever the police could catch him.
THURSDAY, MARCH 4th, 1920.
Raids:- In the city of Dublin large bodies of military and police raided fifty houses, shops, offices, etc., in many cases smashing in the doors with crow bars if any delay in opening them took place. When the raiding parties had effected an entrance into the houses they did wanton damage to the furniture, ornaments, flooring, etc. of almost every house raided. Among the houses entered were the residences of:-
Mr. T. Hunter, Member of Parliament.
Mr. WM. O’Brien, Alderman of the Dublin Corporation
Ald. W. Cosgrave, Member of Parliament.
Ald. Thomas McDonagh, Member of Parliament
Professor F. Fahy, Member of Parliament.
Mr. J. J. Walsh, Member of Parliament.
Mr. W. Paul, Member of the Dublin Corporation.
Mr. S. Brennan, Member of the Dublin Corporation.
Mr. Dowling, Member of the Dublin Corporation.
Mr. T. Loughlin, Member of the Dublin Corporation.
Military and police also forcibly entered and searched:-
The Women Workers Club, Langrishe Place.
The Irish Women Workers Union, Nth. Gt. Georges Street.
St. Kevins House – A residence for Catholic Girls. The residence of Miss M. Browne, M.A.
The offices of the various sections of Irish Labour were raided as were all the principal Irish Language Colleges in the city. Over a dozen houses were raided and searched by the police at Oristown, Co. Meath. Armed police raided and searched the residence at Thurles of Mrs. McGee. In the Burton Port district of Co. Donegal armed police and military raided over forty houses. At Clonross, Co. Clare, armed military and police raided some fifty houses.
Arrests:- In the course of these raids the military and police endeavoured to effect many arrests. As on previous occasions they failed to take into custody the majority of those named in their lettres de cachet. The list of those whom the military sought to arrest included six Members of Parliament and eight or nine members of the Dublin Corporation. Those actually taken into custody in these raids were:-Ald. W. O’Brien, recently elected to the Dublin Corporation and Secretary to the Irish Trades Union Congress; Mr. T. Hunter, Member of Parliament for North East Cork; Mr. P. Clancy, Dublin merchant; Mr. Samuel Ellis; Mr. P. Murphy, School teacher, and another gentleman whose name had not been published. Mr. W. J. Bland of Youghal, Co. Cork was arrested at Rathmore, Co. Kerry on a charge which has not been published. Mr. Bland was a leader of the Sinn Fein adherents in his district. He had fought as a member of the British Army through the great war. At Rushbrook, Co. Cork, large bodies of troops and police surrounded the local docks and arrested every one of the dock labourers who numbered 300. The men were brought before impromptu enquiry Courts, were questioned as to their movements and were overpowered and searched, even the lining of their clothes being torn by the troops acting under the command of their officers. The men after being detained for several hours, were released. Eight persons were arrested on the streets of Dublin on a charge of being abroad between the hours of 12 midnight and 5 a.m., without the permission of the British Military Authorities. Three young men whose names have not been published were arrested at Cork. No charge was preferred against them. An Irish Language teacher named O’Connor, was arrested at Clonross, Co. Clare.
Armed Assault:- During the raids on houses of prominent Republicans in Dublin, the crowd showed vocal hostility to the military and police. The troops immediately charged using the butts of their rifles to disperse the gathering.
FRIDAY, MARCH 5th, 1920.
Raids:- More than a dozen houses were raided at 1.30 a.m. in Dublin. Big forces of military were used in the raids. These, if the door of the residence was not opened at the first knock smashed it in with crowbars and trench tools. One of the houses raided was that of Mrs. M. Lynch of Richmond Road where the military turned the four lady occupants of the house out of bed. Every room in the house was then searched. At Ballinasloe, Co. Galway, some twenty houses were raided by military and police.
Arrests:- In the raids upon the houses of Republicans in Dublin the following were arrested. No charge was brought against any of the men taken into custody:- Messrs. William Kavanagh, Michael Kavanagh, Eamonn Price and John Kiernan. Four young men, three of whom are named Canty, Hurley and Allen, were arrested by military and police at Bandon, Co. Cork. No charge has been made against them. At Ballinasloe, Co. Galway, a young man whose name has not transpired was arrested on an unknown charge. Eight persons were arrested on the streets of Dublin, on a charge of being “abroad” without the permission of the British Military Authorities, between the hours of 12 midnight and 5 a.m. Messrs. T. Connell, Barrets Park, Co. Galway, and
M. Ruane and T. Holland of Lisheen in the same
County, were arrested. No charge has been preferred against them.
Sentences:- Messrs. J. Keating, J. Downey and P. O’Donnell, tried at a crimes court at Tipperary, were each sentenced to three months imprisonment on a charge of “unlawful assembly”.
Armed Assault:- While three young men were driving past the barracks at Holycross, Co. Tipperary, they were stoned by the police. In the streets of Dublin, citizens, even those who had permits from the British Military Authorities to be “abroad” were held up by fully armed troops and having been overpowered were searched.
Deportations:- Alderman WM. O’Brien, whose arrest is mentioned in yesterday’s list has been deported. Mr. Killeen also recently arrested, was similarly deported.
Murder:- At the inquest held into the cause of death of Martin Devitt of Cahirsherkin, Co. Clare, who was shot by the police on February 24th, the Jury, the members of which were selected by the police, returned the following verdict:-“We find that Martin Devitt died, 24th February, from the bullet wound received fighting for the freedom of his country, which freedom is prevented by misgovernment; and we tender our sympathy to the relatives”.
Military Sabotage:- In the raids upon the houses of prominent Dublin citizens mentioned above, the troops as has now become usual smashed their way into several of the houses, raided and wrecked rooms. As well in the raid on the residence of Mrs. M. Lynch, Richmond Road, the raiding party took £5 from two purses upon which they came while searching the premises. The empty purses were subsequently discovered by Mrs. Lynch.
SATURDAY, MARCH 6th, 1920.
Raids:- In a widespread drive in the Ragg district of Co. Tipperary, military and police, accompanied by armoured cars raided and searched 300 houses. In the Corofin district of Co. Galway military and police raided and searched over 100 houses. Military and police raided the residence of Mr. Bohan, 36 Blackrock Mall, Dublin.
Arrests:- Seven persons were arrested on the streets of Dublin a charge of being “abroad” between the hours of 12 midnight and 5 a.m. without the permission of British Military Authorities. Mr. Bohan, T.C., recently elected member of the Dublin Corporation was arrested also on a charge of being “abroad” between the prohibited hours.
Sentences:- Mr. Andrew Holt of Ferrbybank, Co. Wicklow, was sentenced courtmartial held on February 24th, to one year’s imprisonment with hard labour on a charge of having in his possession an empty revolver.
Armed Assault:- For the third time within a week the British troops stationed at Thurles issued from barracks and smashed windows and wrecked the houses of prominent Republicans.
Sabotage:- At Thurles, Co. Tipperary, British military accompanied by their officers again wrecked the houses and business premises of prominent Republicans.
The following are the Acts of Aggression committed in Ireland by the armed Military and Police of the Usurping English Government – as reported in the Daily Press for the Week ending – MARCH 13th, 1920. Summary:
The sentences passed for political offences during the above six days, totalled 1 year and 3 months.
MONDAY, 8th MARCH, 1920
Raids:- Police and Military raided upwards of twenty houses in Castlewellan, Co. Down. Armed Police raided the Sinn Fein Hall in Ballinasloe, Co. Galway and searched the occupants.
Arrests:- Twenty seven persons were arrested on the streets of Dublin for being abroad without a permit from the British Military Authorities between the hours of 12 midnight and 5 a.m. Three men were arrested at Oranmore, Co. Galway, on a charge of obtaining firearms. Mr. George Kelly, Clonmel, Co. Tipperary, was arrested on a charge of having a revolver in his possession.
Sentences:- Messrs. Thomas and John Leady, Dublin, were sentenced to one month’s imprisonment each on a charge of having in their joint possession “military equipment” consisting of a mess tin, haversack and one revolver bullet, which were found at their residence by a military raiding party.
Proclamations & Suppressions:- A Proclamation has been issued by Dublin Castle over the signature of Mr. Alan Bell, Resident Magistrate for Dublin County, commanding the high officials of the principal Irish Banking Companies to appear before him and give evidence and all information as to the financial relations existing between them and certain National Organisations including Dail Eireann, the elected Republican Government of Ireland. Mr. Alan Bell, the Castle-appointed President of this Star Chamber Court, has been connected with English Secret Service activities in Ireland for forty years. He acted as principal Agent-Provocateur during the Land League agitation and was connected with the Pigott Forgeries case under the aegis of the “London Times”. He has never lost touch with Dublin Castle, who, in recently creating him chief exponent of the most comprehensive Coercion Act ever imposed on the Irish people – in spite of the fact that he has no legal training – has conferred on him legal powers which Parliament cannot grant and which are beyond even the power of the highest judiciary under the British Constitution.
Treatment of Prisoners:-Mr. R. Barton, M.P., who was sentenced by military courtmartial, to three years’ penal servitude on a political charge, writes stating that he is confined in Portland Prison where he is being treated as a common criminal – even to being compelled to wear the broad-arrow clothes worn by criminal convicts
TUESDAY, MARCH 9th, 1920
Raids:- Armed police and military in full war equipment invested the eastern portion of Co. Tipperary, raiding the districts between Clonmel and Thurles, and extending on to Tipperary Town
and the Limerick border. In the course of this “drive” upwards of 500 houses were forcibly entered and searched. Police raided the homes of Messrs. Thos. Clerkin, Glaslough, Co. Monaghan, and Jas. McKenna, Aughaloughan, do. Police raided the Volunteer Hall, Waterford. Police raided the Village Hall at Loughrea, Co. Galway, and took possession of the premises.
Arrests:- Messrs. T. Clerkin, Glaslough, Co. Monaghan, and J. McKenna Aughaloughan, do., were arrested in their beds at 3 a.m., on an unknown charge. Two brothers, named Kelly, were arrested at Athenry, Co. Galway.
Proclamations and Suppressions:- Police proclaimed and prevented the staging of the National Drama “Robert Emmett”, which was to have been presented for a charitable purpose at the Village Hall of Loughrea, Co. Galway, by the local people. Two hours before the opening of the entertainment armed police in great numbers took possession of the Hall and forcibly repulsed anyone who tried to enter.
Deportations:- Twenty Sinn Fein prisoners who had been imprisoned in Cork Gaol without charge or trial were removed therefrom and placed aboard an English boat at Queenstown for an unknown destination.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 10th, 1920
Raids:- A force of police and military overran the district of Hugginstown, Co. Kilkenny, raiding and searching upwards of 200 houses. Twenty houses in Kilkenny City, including that of the Mayor, Ald. de Loughrey and Mr. Treacy, T.C., were raided by police and military. The Mayor’s motor-cars were examined and his registers noted. The house of Mr. Lecky, a well-known Presbyterian farmer of Glenmaquinn, Letterkenny, Co. Donegal, was entered and raided by police who carried away a pistol of obsolete pattern and some gunpowder. In the course of a military drive through West Kerry, police and military raided upwards of 150 houses in Tralee and neighbourhood.
Arrests:- Mr. Eamonn O’Dwyer, Kilshenane House, Cashel, Co. Tipp., was arrested at his residence on an unknown charge. Messrs. Dwyer and Sullivan were arrested by military at Eyeries, Bantry, Co. Cork, and removed to an unknown destination. Mr. L. Verdon, Fair Street, Drogheda was arrested under the Defence of the Realm Act.
Sentences:- Messrs. Purcell, Bradshaw and Tobin of Dublin were sentenced to one month’s imprisonment on a charge of having “seditious” literature in their possession.
THURSDAY, MARCH 11th, 1920
Raids:- The residence of Major Erskine Childers, D.S.C., 20 Wellington Road, Dublin, was raided by a large party of military in the early hours of the morning. Mr. Childers is a son of a former Minister of the British Cabinet and served in the British Navy and Air Force during the late war. He has recently been appointed a director of the National Land Bank Ltd., which is one of the institutions by which it is proposed to make the Irish Republic economically self- supporting. Police forcibly entered and raided the shop and premises of Mr. P. Brennan, Main Street, Dundrum. The Dublin residence of M. Simonetti, Professor of the Royal Irish Academy of Music, was forcibly entered and ransacked by a party of military in the middle of the night. M. Simonetti is an Italian subject. A party of 50 military and police raided the residence of Mr. Maurice Collins, 65 Parnell Street, Dublin. Mr. Collins who had been imprisoned without charge or trial in an English Gaol was home on parole in consequence of the severe illness of his wife. The military remained on the premises 1½ hours during which time they searched from cellar to roof, turning out all cupboards and boxes, and even the bedroom where Mrs. Collins lay in an extremely dangerous and critical condition.
Arrests:- Eleven Dublin citizens, whose names did not transpire were arrested by military on a charge of being “abroad” during the hours prohibited by the British Military Authorities.
Deportations:- The names of prisoners deported from Cork Gaol as reported in the Press of the 9th inst. are as follows:-Messrs. John Hynes, Michael Lannigan, W. J. Bland, Martin Casey, Edward Green, Alexr. O’Donnell, John O’Dwyer, Cors. O’Neill and Thos. Daly. (This makes a total of 109 Irishmen deported without charge or trial since December 1919.)
FRIDAY, MARCH 12th, 1920
Raids:- In the city of Cork military and police at 2 a.m. raided the Sinn Fein Headquarters, the Thomas Ashe Sinn Fein Club and the residence of Ald. Sean O’Sullivan. In Washington Street a private hotel was raided and searched. (See Military Sabotage). At Rathkeale, Co. Limerick, and in the neighbouring districts, large forces of military and police raided over 200 houses. In the Riverstown district of Co. Cork armed military and police accompanied by armoured cars raided upwards of 100 houses. At Ballybrophy, Co. Limerick, military and police raided twelve houses at 2 a.m. For the third time in a week the residence of Mr. M. Collins, 65 Parnell Street, Dublin, was raided by military and police at 3 a.m. During the raid Mr. Collins appealed to the Military not to search the room of his wife who was dangerously ill. The request was refused. Military entering the sick room and searching it. Mr. Collins’ business premises, 4 Dorset Street, was raided soon after.
Arrests:- Mr. J. B. O’Driscoll Rural District Councillor of Skibbereen, Co. Cork, has been arrested. The charge against him has not been stated. At Tipperary Messrs. J. Allen, St. Michael Street, and M. Edmonds, O’Connell Road, were arrested for refusing to pay fines for collecting for the Irish Self-determination Fund. Messrs. T. Delaney, J. Campion, P. Loughman, T. Kennedy, N. Delaney, J. Moylan, J. Kennedy and J. Lambe, were arrested in their beds at Ballybrophy, Co. Limerick, on an unknown charge. Mr. MacPherson, Chief Secretary for Ireland has stated in the House of Commons that in the month of January 1920, 1,955 persons were arrested in Ireland. One person was arrested on the streets of Dublin on a charge of being abroad between the hours of 12 midnight and 5 a.m., without the permission of the British Military Authorities.
Courtmartial:- Mr. M. Ward of Boyle, Co. Roscommon, was tried by courtmartial at Galway on a charge of having in his possession 21 rounds of ammunition. Accused who refused to recognise the right of the Court to try him was found guilty. Sentence will be promulgated later.
Armed Assault:- In the early morning of March 11th the armed English forces stationed at Cork issued from their barracks and fired fifteen volleys promiscuously through the street, smashing shop windows and damaging other property. Many people abroad at the time had miraculous escapes.
Organised Sabotage:- Military and police in their raids upon the Sinn Fein Club in Cork, and upon the residences of prominent Republicans engaged themselves in the most thorough scheme of destruction yet achieved by the English armed forces in Ireland. Every premises they raided they destroyed tables, chairs, pictures fittings of all kinds, table ware, windows, electric bulbs, books, everything was smashed or torn into pieces, and even the walls and flooring were damaged and uprooted. In the streets of Cork City the raiding parties as they passed through them smashed several shop windows. Mr. MacPherson, English Chief Secretary for Ireland, admitted in the House of Commons that military who raided a house at Park Avenue, Sandymount, Dublin, where two ladies resided alone, looted jewellery while searching the rooms. At Bantry, Co. Cork, at a time when armed military and police held the streets of the town and none but they were abroad threatening inscriptions were chalked on the doors of prominent Republicans. The more frequent phrase thus chalked upon the doors was “R.I.P. – your day is done”.
SATURDAY, MARCH 13th, 1920
Raids:- Armed police raided the residence at Greystones, Co. Wicklow of Mrs. De Valera wife of the President of the Irish Republic. Mrs. De Valera was alone in the house with her niece and young children. In the course of the raid the police force an entry into the bedroom of Mrs. De Valera’s niece who was in bed at the time. At Bandon, Co. Cork, armed military and police raided and searched over twenty houses.
Arrests:- Mr. Daniel Moynihan, Gortnahostig, Ballyvourney, was arrested on an unknown charge. After being detained for a day he was released without explanation or apology. Three persons were arrested in the streets of Dublin on a charge of being “abroad” between the hours of 12 midnight and 5 a.m., without the permission of the British Military Authorities.
Sentences:- Nineteen young men have been released from Sligo prison where they have been detained for a fortnight “on suspicion” they were given no trial.
Armed Assault:- When Miss Cotter of Abbey Street Cork, was hurrying to call a priest to her Aunt who was dying, she was fired at by police and narrowly escaped being killed.
While continuing our series on events of 1920 with the help of the daily newspaper of the First Dáil, the Irish Bulletin, we are reducing the amount printed to one week per month as reproducing the full monthly collection of the weekly summaries is taking up too much space at the expense of other items in The Irish Political Review. Instead, we will be making available each month more of the weekly summaries of events for that month, as well as all the previous instalments which have appeared in this magazine, on our dedicated Facebook Page:
It should be noted that these weekly summaries are not by any means the full content of the Irish Bulletin which also contains daily accounts of all significant developments in the war and not just these specific events.