In late 1920 Millstreet I.R.A. were considering the viability of an attack being made on British troops who frequently used rail transport while travelling through their battalion area. Various plans were made and men were put in position on a number of occasions during January 1921, but for various reasons a projected attack failed to materialise. Subsequently the column, under Commandant Jeremiah Crowley, re-examined the feasibility of the proposals.
The essential features for the success of any such attack were that the train containing the troops should be brought to a halt at a point where the column was already in a position, that an attack should be made only on an occasion when the troops travelling were armed, and where the party was neither too small to be worth while or too large to risk the failure of the operation. There was the further point that civilian passengers on the train had to be protected as far as possible from injuries. Trains travelling east or west were both potential targets. A position was selected at Drishanebeg about a mile west of Rathcoole station, between Millstreet and Banteer. On a few occasions the trains were allowed to pass unmolested, because the soldiers they carried were unarmed, but finally on the evening of 11 February, 1921 the attack came off.
About 6.30 p.m. when it was nearly dark the column went into position. The plan which had been made for bringing the train to a halt came into operation. One of the volunteers, whose duty it was to inspect the train and board it if it contained a suitable party of British forces, this evening saw that the party of troops travelling was such as could be dealt with by the column. He boarded the train and travelled to Rathcoole where two armed Volunteers were waiting. At his signal they boarded the engine as the train was leaving the station and on arrival at the ambush position forced the driver to halt the train. A long whistle blast was blown as a pre-arranged signal to the attacking party. A lighted bicycle-lamp placed on the track indicated the exact position at which the engine should stop.
The Column Commander called upon the military in the train to surrender but was answered by rifle shots. Fire was then opened upon the carriages containing the military party and the battle continued for about fifteen minutes. The slopes of the cutting were lit by oil torches prepared in advanced by the column and thrown down outside the target carriages at the beginning of the encounter. The fight was one-sided from the start, the attackers having the advantage of cover and darkness. When the British surrendered one had been killed and most of the others were wounded.
The column members collected fifteen rifles and a large quantity of ammunition and withdrew from the scene without suffering a single casualty. – Cork’s War of Independence
By lnternatlonal News Service | DUBLIN, Feb, 12.—At least one British army officer was killed and, a number of officers and pivates were wounded in a desperate battle, with Sinn Feiners on board a train early today. There were 14 British officers and privates on the train, which was bound from Dublin to Killarney. Shortly after leaving: Mallow two armed Sinn Feiners boarded the locomotive and ordered the engineer to go at full speed for 20 miles. After this burst of speed the engineer was ordered to stop the train at an isolated spot where the telegraph wires had been cut.
OFFICERS FALL – Two hundred men then opened an i attack against the coach in which the soldiers were riding. There was a terrible fusillade of shots. One officer fell wounded and a sergeant was killed. Five privates were hit by flying bullets and the others: surrendered. The Sinn Feiners seized all the soldiers’ weapons and ordered tho engineer to proceed with the dead and wounded to Killarney. During the firing the civilian passengers flung themselves upon the floor to escape the bullets that were, crashing through the windows. Dublin Castle gave an official version of the attack saying that It occurred near Millstreet. The following i warning was issued by Dublin Castle;
MAY HALT TRAINS – “In view of this and similar Incidents, if there is a repetition It will leading to the closing of any railway line in the martial law zone where such an attack may he made.” A youth named Mahoney was killed when black and tan policemen fired upon a crowd near Macroom. Clondrohid Bridge, between Cork and Macroom, was blown up with dynamite. Black and tans were rushed to the scene. The policemen found a crowd gathering. Disobeying the command to halt, the crowd started to flee at the sight of the policemen. The black and tans fired and Mahoney fell dead.
ATTACK BARRACKS – The military police barracks at Drimoleague were partly destroyed by dynamite today during an attack by a large of armed men. The attackers were finally driven off. The crown forces sustained no casualties. It was reported that 300 Sinn Feiners took part in the attack and that they were led by Michael Collins, commander-in-chief of the Irish republican army – Los Angeles Herald 12th February 1921
TODO: list more about who was killed / injured. and list who was involved etc.